A survey of acarine ectoparasites of bats (Chiroptera) in Malaysia

Mariana Ahamad, Halimaton Ibrahim, Mohd Kulaimi Bujang, Shahrul Anuar Mohd Sah, Norzalipah Mohamad, Shukor Md. Nor, Abdul Hamid Ahmad, Tze Ming Ho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A comprehensive 8-yr survey of acarine ectoparasites (ticks and mites) of bats was carried out in 18 localities from 2002 to 2009. Most of the surveys were conducted during 14 national biodiversity scientific expeditions throughout Malaysia. The objective was to identify acarines of known public health importance from bats and thus determine whether there is any potential public health risk in Malaysia. Trapping of bats was conducted using Harp traps and Mist nets. In total, 1,579 individuals comprising of 6 families and 52 species of bats were examined alive. In general, 25.6% of the bats were infested with acarines. Infestation rates of ticks, mesostigmatid mites, and chiggers on bats examined were 0.4, 10.4, and 14.7%, respectively. Their prevalence and mean intensity were tabulated. Genera of ticks extracted were Amblyomma, Dermacentor, Ixodes, and Ornithodoros. Of these genera, only two species can be identified to species level and they are Amblyomma cordiferum and Ixodes simplex. In total, 8 genera and 15 species of mesostigmatid mites were found; the species were Ancystropus eonycteris, Ancystropus zeleborii, Echinonysus nasutus, Laelaps aingworthae, Laelaps nuttalli, Laelaps sanguisugus, Laelaps sculpturatus, Longolaelaps longulus, Longolaelaps whartonii, Meristaspis lateralis, Meristaspis macroglossi, Paraperiglischrus rhinolophinus, Spinturnix acuminatus, Spinturnix americanus, and Spinturnix bakeri. Chiggers on bats were represented by 12 genera and 6 species; the species identified were Gahrliepia fletcheri, Riedlinia lipoxena, Trombigastia cadei, Walchiella impar, Walhiella oudemansi, and Whartonia caobangensis. The study produced an up-to-date list of acarine ectoparasites of bats in Malaysia where a total of 38 genera and 47 species of acarines were listed. Findings of the study demonstrated that 5 genera and 1 species of acarines that may pose potential health risks, can be found on bats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)140-146
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Medical Entomology
Volume50
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2013

Fingerprint

Malaysia
ectoparasites
Chiroptera
Laelaps
Mites
Trombiculidae
chiggers
ticks
mites
Amblyomma
Ixodes
Ticks
public health
Public Health
Ornithodoros
Tick Infestations
scientific expeditions
Dermacentor
Expeditions
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Acarine ectoparasite
  • Bat
  • Chiroptera
  • Malaysia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science
  • veterinary(all)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Parasitology

Cite this

Ahamad, M., Ibrahim, H., Bujang, M. K., Sah, S. A. M., Mohamad, N., Md. Nor, S., ... Ho, T. M. (2013). A survey of acarine ectoparasites of bats (Chiroptera) in Malaysia. Journal of Medical Entomology, 50(1), 140-146. https://doi.org/10.1603/ME11240

A survey of acarine ectoparasites of bats (Chiroptera) in Malaysia. / Ahamad, Mariana; Ibrahim, Halimaton; Bujang, Mohd Kulaimi; Sah, Shahrul Anuar Mohd; Mohamad, Norzalipah; Md. Nor, Shukor; Ahmad, Abdul Hamid; Ho, Tze Ming.

In: Journal of Medical Entomology, Vol. 50, No. 1, 01.2013, p. 140-146.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ahamad, M, Ibrahim, H, Bujang, MK, Sah, SAM, Mohamad, N, Md. Nor, S, Ahmad, AH & Ho, TM 2013, 'A survey of acarine ectoparasites of bats (Chiroptera) in Malaysia', Journal of Medical Entomology, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 140-146. https://doi.org/10.1603/ME11240
Ahamad, Mariana ; Ibrahim, Halimaton ; Bujang, Mohd Kulaimi ; Sah, Shahrul Anuar Mohd ; Mohamad, Norzalipah ; Md. Nor, Shukor ; Ahmad, Abdul Hamid ; Ho, Tze Ming. / A survey of acarine ectoparasites of bats (Chiroptera) in Malaysia. In: Journal of Medical Entomology. 2013 ; Vol. 50, No. 1. pp. 140-146.
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