A study on negotiations of the Montreal Protocol: Focusing on global environmental governance specifically on global forum of the United Nations Environmental Programme

Muhammad Rizal Razman, A. Samad Hadi, Jamaluddin M. Jahi, A. Hadi Harman Shah, Sham Sani, Ghazali Yusoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Global environmental governance provides the main framework for global cooperation among the global community in order to safeguard Mother Nature at the national, regional and international levels. At each level the responsibility has turned out to be increasingly multifarious as new protagonists and concerns are drawn into the global environmental governance process. Some of the global environmental governance scholars have suggested that a global forum might have an influence on the negotiations for creating MEAs, which include the Montreal Protocol 1987. Moreover, the existence of such a forum would lead to global cooperation in order to achieve sustainable development. The Montreal Protocol has managed to seek international environmental cooperation among almost all of the states in the world, which made the Montreal Protocol become a successful one. Therefore, the primary purpose of this study is to explain the influence of the UNEP global forum in the global environmental governance with regard to the Montreal Protocol's early negotiations and the relations of the interstates' participation response. This study has adopted the qualitative approach which is based on the meetings' proceeding reports of the Montreal Protocol. This study has also acknowledged that the global forum of the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) had played an essential role as a strong environmental forum to influence the Montreal Protocol's early negotiations and the response of the interstates' participation. Based on the results of the analysis, we have identified the main themes as activities and committees, while the eight sub-themes are meetings, workshops, conferences, coordinating committees, secretariat, advisory panel, working groups and Governing Council. Finally, the preliminary findings indicate that having the Montreal Protocol negotiated under the global forum of the UNEP is important in terms of the establishment 'surrounding' that was formed, whereby the negotiating countries were only subject to a small number of 'external' forces, compared to global forum elsewhere.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)832-836
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Volume7
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2009

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environmental governance
environmental programs
Montreal Protocol
United Nations
Negotiating
committees
International Cooperation
Conservation of Natural Resources
Advisory Committees
sustainable development
Mothers
Education
environmental programme

Keywords

  • Global environmental governance
  • Montreal protocol
  • Negotiations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

A study on negotiations of the Montreal Protocol : Focusing on global environmental governance specifically on global forum of the United Nations Environmental Programme. / Razman, Muhammad Rizal; Hadi, A. Samad; Jahi, Jamaluddin M.; Shah, A. Hadi Harman; Sani, Sham; Yusoff, Ghazali.

In: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment, Vol. 7, No. 3-4, 07.2009, p. 832-836.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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