A study on cooperation enforcement between nodes in mobile AD HOC networks

Nor Effendy Othman, Stefan Weber, Rosilah Hassan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Traditional infrastructure-based networks are formed around an infrastructure of static, dedicated components that connect the individual end points such as desktop computers and servers. The exponential rise in the number of wireless communication devices will render the provision of infrastructure-based solutions infeasible and researchers have been investigating the provision of alternative communication structures in the form of mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs). A MANET is a collection of low-resourced mobile nodes that communicate over wireless links without the need of fixed infrastructure. The network operates in distributed fashion, where all networking functions including route discovery and packet delivery are executed by the nodes themselves. Nodes in a MANET rely on multi-hop communication to communicate with nodes outside their transmission ranges. However, this can only be realized if all these nodes are willing to cooperate with each other i.e. are not reluctant to forward others' packets. In self-organized MANETs such as civilian MANETs, each node acts as its own authority and may not share common goals with other nodes. Moreover, nodes in such networks are self-interested and tempted to drop others' packets to preserve of their own limited resources e.g. battery power and computational capability. Such selfishness and non-cooperative behavior can make it impossible to achieve multi-hop communication and have a negative effect on the overall network performance. A large number of studies have proposed different cooperation enforcement mechanisms for MANETs. In this review paper, we discuss the rationale of cooperation enforcement in MANETs and the characteristics of a cooperation enforcement model. We also review different types of existing approaches to cooperation enforcement in MANETs and analyze them in order to provide justification for moving towards tag-based approach in enforcing cooperation between nodes in MANETs. Then we introduce the concepts found in tag-based cooperation and review existing tag-based approaches.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-208
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology
Volume56
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Mobile ad hoc networks
Mobile Ad Hoc Networks
Vertex of a graph
Infrastructure
Communication
Multi-hop
Network Performance
End point
Network performance
Wireless Communication
Networking
Justification
Personal computers
Battery
Telecommunication links
Servers
Server
Resources
Alternatives
Range of data

Keywords

  • Cooperation
  • MANET
  • Packets forwarding
  • Selfish nodes
  • Tag-based cooperation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Theoretical Computer Science

Cite this

A study on cooperation enforcement between nodes in mobile AD HOC networks. / Othman, Nor Effendy; Weber, Stefan; Hassan, Rosilah.

In: Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, Vol. 56, No. 2, 2013, p. 193-208.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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