A study of El Niño-Southern oscillation impacts to the South China Sea region using ground-based GPS receiver

Wayan Suparta, Ahmad Iskandar, Mandeep Singh Jit Singh, Mohd Alauddin Mohd Ali, Baharudin Yatim, Fredolin Tangang @ Tajudin Mahmud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We observe an ENSO activity by using ground-based GPS receiver as an effort to study the effects of global warming and climate change in the tropical region. The precipitable water vapor (PWV) derived from Global Positioning System (GPS) meteorology in line with the sea surface temperature anomaly (SSTa) is used to indicate their response on ENSO activities. The PWV data used in this study was taken from the station at Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu (UMSK) over 2011, together with NTUS station (in the Singapore), PIMO (in Philippines) and BAKO (in Indonesia) are also compared. The relationship between PWV and SSTa at all stations on weekly basis exhibited modest with correlation coefficients between -0.30 and -0.78 significantly at the 99% confidence level. The negative correlation indicates that during a La Niña phase, the PWV is increased when the sea surface temperatures getting cold causes warm air mass in the central Pacific moved to west Pacific. The increased of PWV causes the GPS signals will be getting slower.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012043
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Volume423
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Southern Oscillation
Global Positioning System
water vapor
China
receivers
sea surface temperature
stations
anomalies
Malaysia
Singapore
Indonesia
Philippines
global warming
causes
air masses
climate change
meteorology
tropical regions
correlation coefficients
confidence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

A study of El Niño-Southern oscillation impacts to the South China Sea region using ground-based GPS receiver. / Suparta, Wayan; Iskandar, Ahmad; Jit Singh, Mandeep Singh; Alauddin Mohd Ali, Mohd; Yatim, Baharudin; Tangang @ Tajudin Mahmud, Fredolin.

In: Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Vol. 423, No. 1, 012043, 2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{d60de62645ac481db9f7af735ecff70e,
title = "A study of El Ni{\~n}o-Southern oscillation impacts to the South China Sea region using ground-based GPS receiver",
abstract = "We observe an ENSO activity by using ground-based GPS receiver as an effort to study the effects of global warming and climate change in the tropical region. The precipitable water vapor (PWV) derived from Global Positioning System (GPS) meteorology in line with the sea surface temperature anomaly (SSTa) is used to indicate their response on ENSO activities. The PWV data used in this study was taken from the station at Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu (UMSK) over 2011, together with NTUS station (in the Singapore), PIMO (in Philippines) and BAKO (in Indonesia) are also compared. The relationship between PWV and SSTa at all stations on weekly basis exhibited modest with correlation coefficients between -0.30 and -0.78 significantly at the 99{\%} confidence level. The negative correlation indicates that during a La Ni{\~n}a phase, the PWV is increased when the sea surface temperatures getting cold causes warm air mass in the central Pacific moved to west Pacific. The increased of PWV causes the GPS signals will be getting slower.",
author = "Wayan Suparta and Ahmad Iskandar and {Jit Singh}, {Mandeep Singh} and {Alauddin Mohd Ali}, Mohd and Baharudin Yatim and {Tangang @ Tajudin Mahmud}, Fredolin",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1088/1742-6596/423/1/012043",
language = "English",
volume = "423",
journal = "Journal of Physics: Conference Series",
issn = "1742-6588",
publisher = "IOP Publishing Ltd.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A study of El Niño-Southern oscillation impacts to the South China Sea region using ground-based GPS receiver

AU - Suparta, Wayan

AU - Iskandar, Ahmad

AU - Jit Singh, Mandeep Singh

AU - Alauddin Mohd Ali, Mohd

AU - Yatim, Baharudin

AU - Tangang @ Tajudin Mahmud, Fredolin

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - We observe an ENSO activity by using ground-based GPS receiver as an effort to study the effects of global warming and climate change in the tropical region. The precipitable water vapor (PWV) derived from Global Positioning System (GPS) meteorology in line with the sea surface temperature anomaly (SSTa) is used to indicate their response on ENSO activities. The PWV data used in this study was taken from the station at Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu (UMSK) over 2011, together with NTUS station (in the Singapore), PIMO (in Philippines) and BAKO (in Indonesia) are also compared. The relationship between PWV and SSTa at all stations on weekly basis exhibited modest with correlation coefficients between -0.30 and -0.78 significantly at the 99% confidence level. The negative correlation indicates that during a La Niña phase, the PWV is increased when the sea surface temperatures getting cold causes warm air mass in the central Pacific moved to west Pacific. The increased of PWV causes the GPS signals will be getting slower.

AB - We observe an ENSO activity by using ground-based GPS receiver as an effort to study the effects of global warming and climate change in the tropical region. The precipitable water vapor (PWV) derived from Global Positioning System (GPS) meteorology in line with the sea surface temperature anomaly (SSTa) is used to indicate their response on ENSO activities. The PWV data used in this study was taken from the station at Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu (UMSK) over 2011, together with NTUS station (in the Singapore), PIMO (in Philippines) and BAKO (in Indonesia) are also compared. The relationship between PWV and SSTa at all stations on weekly basis exhibited modest with correlation coefficients between -0.30 and -0.78 significantly at the 99% confidence level. The negative correlation indicates that during a La Niña phase, the PWV is increased when the sea surface temperatures getting cold causes warm air mass in the central Pacific moved to west Pacific. The increased of PWV causes the GPS signals will be getting slower.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84876885454&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84876885454&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1088/1742-6596/423/1/012043

DO - 10.1088/1742-6596/423/1/012043

M3 - Article

VL - 423

JO - Journal of Physics: Conference Series

JF - Journal of Physics: Conference Series

SN - 1742-6588

IS - 1

M1 - 012043

ER -