A short review on cockle shells as biomaterials in the context of bone scaffold fabrication

Penny George, Zariyantey Abd Hamid, Md Zuki Abu Bakar Zakaria, Enoch Kumar Perimal, B. Hemabarathy Bharatham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cockle shells contribute to a large amount of waste product in South East Asia due to the extensive culturing of the mollusc for consumption. These nacreous materials in the recent years have been gaining wider popularity due to its potential use as biomaterials. As shown in various studies, cockle shell powder consists of 95-98% aragonite form of calcium carbonate (CaCO3). The calcium carbonate obtained from cockle shells are easily converted into nanoparticles, which have shown encouraging results in bone tissue grafting. With the recent advancement in bone tissue engineering and development of a newer generation of biomaterial based bone scaffolds, the cockle shell powder has promising applications in the near future to be used in the formulation of bone grafting materials. In this review, the use of biomaterials in bone tissue grafting and nacreous materials as potential biomaterials with a focus on the cockle shell and its recent advancement as the main component in the formulation of a nanobiocomposite bone scaffold is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1539-1545
Number of pages7
JournalSains Malaysiana
Volume48
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

Cardiidae
Biocompatible Materials
Bone Transplantation
Calcium Carbonate
Bone and Bones
Tissue Transplantation
Powders
Waste Products
Far East
Mollusca
Bone Development
Tissue Engineering
Nanoparticles

Keywords

  • Biomaterial
  • Bone tissue grafting
  • Cockle shell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

A short review on cockle shells as biomaterials in the context of bone scaffold fabrication. / George, Penny; Abd Hamid, Zariyantey; Zakaria, Md Zuki Abu Bakar; Perimal, Enoch Kumar; Bharatham, B. Hemabarathy.

In: Sains Malaysiana, Vol. 48, No. 7, 01.01.2019, p. 1539-1545.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

George, Penny ; Abd Hamid, Zariyantey ; Zakaria, Md Zuki Abu Bakar ; Perimal, Enoch Kumar ; Bharatham, B. Hemabarathy. / A short review on cockle shells as biomaterials in the context of bone scaffold fabrication. In: Sains Malaysiana. 2019 ; Vol. 48, No. 7. pp. 1539-1545.
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