A review on the role of proton exchange membrane on the performance of microbial fuel cell

Mostafa Rahimnejad, Gholamreza Bakeri, Mostafa Ghasemi, Alireza Zirepour

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Proton exchange membranes (PEMs) are the most frequently used separators in microbial fuel cells (MFCs). The role of proton transportation in MFC performance makes PEMs one of the most important components in the cell. The effect of PEMs in MFC performance is commonly determined according to generated power density and coulombic efficiency. Nafion is the commonly used membrane in MFCs, but there are still a number of problems associated with the use of Nafion including oxygen transfer rate, cation transport and accumulation rather than protons, membrane fouling and substrate loss. Moreover, additional problems can also be attributed to the effect of PEMs including internal resistance and pH change in MFCs. Recent developments in PEM performance are attributed to two categories including utilization of other types of membranes and improvements in Nafion by pre-treatment methods.

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalPolymers for Advanced Technologies
    DOIs
    Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2014

    Fingerprint

    Microbial fuel cells
    Protons
    Ion exchange
    Membranes
    Membrane fouling
    Separators
    Cations
    Positive ions
    Oxygen
    Substrates

    Keywords

    • Coulombic efficiency
    • Microbial fuel cells
    • Nafion
    • Proton exchange membranes

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Polymers and Plastics

    Cite this

    A review on the role of proton exchange membrane on the performance of microbial fuel cell. / Rahimnejad, Mostafa; Bakeri, Gholamreza; Ghasemi, Mostafa; Zirepour, Alireza.

    In: Polymers for Advanced Technologies, 2014.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Rahimnejad, Mostafa ; Bakeri, Gholamreza ; Ghasemi, Mostafa ; Zirepour, Alireza. / A review on the role of proton exchange membrane on the performance of microbial fuel cell. In: Polymers for Advanced Technologies. 2014.
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