A review on energy management system for fuel cell hybrid electric vehicle: Issues and challenges

N. Sulaiman, Hannan M A, Azah Mohamed, Edy Herianto, Wan Ramli Wan Daud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

117 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Emerging issues on fuel price and greenhouse gas emissions have attracted attention on the alternative energy sources, especially in transportation sector. The transportation sector accounts for 40% of total fuel consumption. Thus, an increasing number of studies have been conducted on hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and their energy management system (EMS). This paper focuses on reviews of EMSs for fuel cell (FC) based HEV in combination with battery and super-capacitor, respectively. Various aspects and classifications of fuel cell-HEV EMS are explained in this paper. Different types of FC-HEV control models and algorithms derived from simulation and experiment are explained in details for an analytical justification for the most optimal control strategy. The performances of the various combinations of FC-HEV system are summarized in the table along with relevant references. This paper provides comprehensive survey of FC-HEV on their source combination, models, energy management system (EMS) etc. developed by various researchers. From the rigorous review, it is observed that the existing technologies more or less are capable to perform well; however, the reliability and the intelligent systems are still not up to the mark. Accordingly, current issues and challenges on the FC-HEV technologies are highlighted with a brief suggestions and discussion for the progress of future FC-HEV vehicle research. This review will hopefully lead to increasing efforts towards the development of economic, longer lifetime, hydrogen viable, efficient electronic interface and well performed EMS for future FC-HEV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)802-814
Number of pages13
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Volume52
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Aug 2015

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Energy management systems
Hybrid vehicles
Fuel cells
Gas fuels
Intelligent systems
Gas emissions
Greenhouse gases
Fuel consumption
Capacitors
Hydrogen
Economics

Keywords

  • Battery
  • Control strategy
  • Energy management system
  • Fuel cell
  • Hybrid electric vehicle
  • Supercapacitor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

A review on energy management system for fuel cell hybrid electric vehicle : Issues and challenges. / Sulaiman, N.; M A, Hannan; Mohamed, Azah; Herianto, Edy; Wan Daud, Wan Ramli.

In: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 52, 22.08.2015, p. 802-814.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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