A review of unitized regenerative fuel cell stack: Material, design and research achievements

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41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The stack design of a unitized regenerative fuel cell (URFC) can modify the structure of cells that can be used as storage and energy regenerator aside from cells that use other sources such as solar or wind energy. A reversible unitized polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) contains a dual-functional single cell that is less expensive and has enhanced performance. The use of URFCs on hydrogen and oxygen is preferred because it is highly efficient, environmentally friendly, and uses power generators. The stack, then, must be made affordable or accessible. The expenses of URFC stack must be reduced by improving its design, materials, and performance. This study referred to recent studies on developing a method to cut the expenses of the URFC stack. The study also aims to determine its main constituents and to look further into its design by observing its performance and electrochemical behaviors. It also presents the issues that are currently encountered in this field.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17765-17778
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume39
Issue number31
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Oct 2014

Fingerprint

regenerative fuel cells
Regenerative fuel cells
Regenerators
cells
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
windpower utilization
Solar energy
Wind power
electric generators
regenerators
solar energy
fuel cells
Hydrogen
Oxygen
electrolytes
membranes
polymers
oxygen
hydrogen

Keywords

  • Electrolyser
  • Performance
  • Platinum
  • Polymer electrolyte membrane
  • Regenerative fuel cell
  • Stack

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

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abstract = "The stack design of a unitized regenerative fuel cell (URFC) can modify the structure of cells that can be used as storage and energy regenerator aside from cells that use other sources such as solar or wind energy. A reversible unitized polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) contains a dual-functional single cell that is less expensive and has enhanced performance. The use of URFCs on hydrogen and oxygen is preferred because it is highly efficient, environmentally friendly, and uses power generators. The stack, then, must be made affordable or accessible. The expenses of URFC stack must be reduced by improving its design, materials, and performance. This study referred to recent studies on developing a method to cut the expenses of the URFC stack. The study also aims to determine its main constituents and to look further into its design by observing its performance and electrochemical behaviors. It also presents the issues that are currently encountered in this field.",
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