A review of the pico-hydro turbine: Studies on the propeller hydro type

M. Musa Othman, J. A. Razak, M. F. Basar, N. S. Muhammad, W. M F W Mohamad, Kamaruzzaman Sopian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The pico-hydro turbine is one hydropower scheme that has been widely used in offgrid settlements around the globe. The implementation of this stand-alone system is chosen due to its cost-effectiveness and robustness in producing electricity, under low head conditions. This type of turbine is capable of producing power outputs of up to 5 kW. It is green energy technology that does not require water storage, and the initial set-up is very easy and straight forward. The propeller turbine is one of the most popular types of pico-hydro scheme that have been implemented extensively in remote areas, especially in Asia. However, little research has been conducted regarding the enhancement or development of pico-hydro turbines. This study will review previous research on the propeller hydro turbine, which mostly deals with low head and high flow rate conditions. The main components of the propeller turbine and the basic working principles of the run-of-river type will be highlighted. The conclusions will consider the main components in propeller hydro turbine systems which have been investigated by previous researchers to enhance the efficiency and performance. Suggestions for future studies on the application of the propeller hydro turbine will also be discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)527-535
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Review of Mechanical Engineering
Volume9
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2015

Fingerprint

Propellers
Turbines
Cost effectiveness
Electricity
Rivers
Flow rate
Water

Keywords

  • Green energy
  • Low flow rate
  • Low head
  • Pico-hydro
  • Propeller turbine
  • Run-of-river

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Othman, M. M., Razak, J. A., Basar, M. F., Muhammad, N. S., Mohamad, W. M. F. W., & Sopian, K. (2015). A review of the pico-hydro turbine: Studies on the propeller hydro type. International Review of Mechanical Engineering, 9(6), 527-535.

A review of the pico-hydro turbine : Studies on the propeller hydro type. / Othman, M. Musa; Razak, J. A.; Basar, M. F.; Muhammad, N. S.; Mohamad, W. M F W; Sopian, Kamaruzzaman.

In: International Review of Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 9, No. 6, 01.11.2015, p. 527-535.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Othman, MM, Razak, JA, Basar, MF, Muhammad, NS, Mohamad, WMFW & Sopian, K 2015, 'A review of the pico-hydro turbine: Studies on the propeller hydro type', International Review of Mechanical Engineering, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 527-535.
Othman MM, Razak JA, Basar MF, Muhammad NS, Mohamad WMFW, Sopian K. A review of the pico-hydro turbine: Studies on the propeller hydro type. International Review of Mechanical Engineering. 2015 Nov 1;9(6):527-535.
Othman, M. Musa ; Razak, J. A. ; Basar, M. F. ; Muhammad, N. S. ; Mohamad, W. M F W ; Sopian, Kamaruzzaman. / A review of the pico-hydro turbine : Studies on the propeller hydro type. In: International Review of Mechanical Engineering. 2015 ; Vol. 9, No. 6. pp. 527-535.
@article{14bf7a0c833545ab9691fc7c1956babb,
title = "A review of the pico-hydro turbine: Studies on the propeller hydro type",
abstract = "The pico-hydro turbine is one hydropower scheme that has been widely used in offgrid settlements around the globe. The implementation of this stand-alone system is chosen due to its cost-effectiveness and robustness in producing electricity, under low head conditions. This type of turbine is capable of producing power outputs of up to 5 kW. It is green energy technology that does not require water storage, and the initial set-up is very easy and straight forward. The propeller turbine is one of the most popular types of pico-hydro scheme that have been implemented extensively in remote areas, especially in Asia. However, little research has been conducted regarding the enhancement or development of pico-hydro turbines. This study will review previous research on the propeller hydro turbine, which mostly deals with low head and high flow rate conditions. The main components of the propeller turbine and the basic working principles of the run-of-river type will be highlighted. The conclusions will consider the main components in propeller hydro turbine systems which have been investigated by previous researchers to enhance the efficiency and performance. Suggestions for future studies on the application of the propeller hydro turbine will also be discussed.",
keywords = "Green energy, Low flow rate, Low head, Pico-hydro, Propeller turbine, Run-of-river",
author = "Othman, {M. Musa} and Razak, {J. A.} and Basar, {M. F.} and Muhammad, {N. S.} and Mohamad, {W. M F W} and Kamaruzzaman Sopian",
year = "2015",
month = "11",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "527--535",
journal = "International Review of Mechanical Engineering",
issn = "1970-8734",
publisher = "Praise Worthy Prize",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A review of the pico-hydro turbine

T2 - Studies on the propeller hydro type

AU - Othman, M. Musa

AU - Razak, J. A.

AU - Basar, M. F.

AU - Muhammad, N. S.

AU - Mohamad, W. M F W

AU - Sopian, Kamaruzzaman

PY - 2015/11/1

Y1 - 2015/11/1

N2 - The pico-hydro turbine is one hydropower scheme that has been widely used in offgrid settlements around the globe. The implementation of this stand-alone system is chosen due to its cost-effectiveness and robustness in producing electricity, under low head conditions. This type of turbine is capable of producing power outputs of up to 5 kW. It is green energy technology that does not require water storage, and the initial set-up is very easy and straight forward. The propeller turbine is one of the most popular types of pico-hydro scheme that have been implemented extensively in remote areas, especially in Asia. However, little research has been conducted regarding the enhancement or development of pico-hydro turbines. This study will review previous research on the propeller hydro turbine, which mostly deals with low head and high flow rate conditions. The main components of the propeller turbine and the basic working principles of the run-of-river type will be highlighted. The conclusions will consider the main components in propeller hydro turbine systems which have been investigated by previous researchers to enhance the efficiency and performance. Suggestions for future studies on the application of the propeller hydro turbine will also be discussed.

AB - The pico-hydro turbine is one hydropower scheme that has been widely used in offgrid settlements around the globe. The implementation of this stand-alone system is chosen due to its cost-effectiveness and robustness in producing electricity, under low head conditions. This type of turbine is capable of producing power outputs of up to 5 kW. It is green energy technology that does not require water storage, and the initial set-up is very easy and straight forward. The propeller turbine is one of the most popular types of pico-hydro scheme that have been implemented extensively in remote areas, especially in Asia. However, little research has been conducted regarding the enhancement or development of pico-hydro turbines. This study will review previous research on the propeller hydro turbine, which mostly deals with low head and high flow rate conditions. The main components of the propeller turbine and the basic working principles of the run-of-river type will be highlighted. The conclusions will consider the main components in propeller hydro turbine systems which have been investigated by previous researchers to enhance the efficiency and performance. Suggestions for future studies on the application of the propeller hydro turbine will also be discussed.

KW - Green energy

KW - Low flow rate

KW - Low head

KW - Pico-hydro

KW - Propeller turbine

KW - Run-of-river

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84956883646&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84956883646&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84956883646

VL - 9

SP - 527

EP - 535

JO - International Review of Mechanical Engineering

JF - International Review of Mechanical Engineering

SN - 1970-8734

IS - 6

ER -