A review of the configuration and performance limitation parameters in optical amplifiers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Optical amplifiers are realised in a wide range of applications, such as metro - dense wavelength division multiplexing and cable television networks. These applications require the amplifier to provide a maximum output power level by accepting an input power near the saturation level. To obtain an ideal amplifier according to several parameters, the erbium concentration in the composite core glass, the optimum length of the fibre, the pump saturation and the input signal signalto- noise ratio must be critically studied and addressed. In this paper, we will review the types of optical amplifiers used in communication systems today as well as the parameters that limit the performance of optical amplifiers in the network, such as the noise figure, the gain saturation, the polarisation dependence gain and inhomogeneous broadening effects. Based on the performance limitation factor, we model the amplifier gain profile and the effect of the gain value on the network performance. Finally, we propose various configurations of an optical amplifier, and the advantages of each amplification technique are highlighted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-266
Number of pages16
JournalOptica Applicata
Volume44
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Light amplifiers
light amplifiers
configurations
amplifiers
saturation
Television networks
Erbium
Dense wavelength division multiplexing
cable television
Noise figure
Network performance
Amplification
wavelength division multiplexing
Communication systems
Cables
erbium
Pumps
Polarization
telecommunication
Glass

Keywords

  • Erbium-doped fibre amplifier (EDFA)
  • Raman amplifier
  • Semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOA)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Cite this

A review of the configuration and performance limitation parameters in optical amplifiers. / Ab Rahman, Mohd Syuhaimi.

In: Optica Applicata, Vol. 44, No. 2, 2014, p. 251-266.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{7eabf3d9c5d04381a21612e423e7d5d8,
title = "A review of the configuration and performance limitation parameters in optical amplifiers",
abstract = "Optical amplifiers are realised in a wide range of applications, such as metro - dense wavelength division multiplexing and cable television networks. These applications require the amplifier to provide a maximum output power level by accepting an input power near the saturation level. To obtain an ideal amplifier according to several parameters, the erbium concentration in the composite core glass, the optimum length of the fibre, the pump saturation and the input signal signalto- noise ratio must be critically studied and addressed. In this paper, we will review the types of optical amplifiers used in communication systems today as well as the parameters that limit the performance of optical amplifiers in the network, such as the noise figure, the gain saturation, the polarisation dependence gain and inhomogeneous broadening effects. Based on the performance limitation factor, we model the amplifier gain profile and the effect of the gain value on the network performance. Finally, we propose various configurations of an optical amplifier, and the advantages of each amplification technique are highlighted.",
keywords = "Erbium-doped fibre amplifier (EDFA), Raman amplifier, Semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOA)",
author = "{Ab Rahman}, {Mohd Syuhaimi}",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.5277/oa140207",
language = "English",
volume = "44",
pages = "251--266",
journal = "Optica Applicata",
issn = "0078-5466",
publisher = "Technical University of Wroclaw",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A review of the configuration and performance limitation parameters in optical amplifiers

AU - Ab Rahman, Mohd Syuhaimi

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Optical amplifiers are realised in a wide range of applications, such as metro - dense wavelength division multiplexing and cable television networks. These applications require the amplifier to provide a maximum output power level by accepting an input power near the saturation level. To obtain an ideal amplifier according to several parameters, the erbium concentration in the composite core glass, the optimum length of the fibre, the pump saturation and the input signal signalto- noise ratio must be critically studied and addressed. In this paper, we will review the types of optical amplifiers used in communication systems today as well as the parameters that limit the performance of optical amplifiers in the network, such as the noise figure, the gain saturation, the polarisation dependence gain and inhomogeneous broadening effects. Based on the performance limitation factor, we model the amplifier gain profile and the effect of the gain value on the network performance. Finally, we propose various configurations of an optical amplifier, and the advantages of each amplification technique are highlighted.

AB - Optical amplifiers are realised in a wide range of applications, such as metro - dense wavelength division multiplexing and cable television networks. These applications require the amplifier to provide a maximum output power level by accepting an input power near the saturation level. To obtain an ideal amplifier according to several parameters, the erbium concentration in the composite core glass, the optimum length of the fibre, the pump saturation and the input signal signalto- noise ratio must be critically studied and addressed. In this paper, we will review the types of optical amplifiers used in communication systems today as well as the parameters that limit the performance of optical amplifiers in the network, such as the noise figure, the gain saturation, the polarisation dependence gain and inhomogeneous broadening effects. Based on the performance limitation factor, we model the amplifier gain profile and the effect of the gain value on the network performance. Finally, we propose various configurations of an optical amplifier, and the advantages of each amplification technique are highlighted.

KW - Erbium-doped fibre amplifier (EDFA)

KW - Raman amplifier

KW - Semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOA)

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84908602915&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84908602915&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.5277/oa140207

DO - 10.5277/oa140207

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84908602915

VL - 44

SP - 251

EP - 266

JO - Optica Applicata

JF - Optica Applicata

SN - 0078-5466

IS - 2

ER -