A review of smoking research in Malaysia

Lei Hum Wee, Chan Caryn Mei Hsien, Yogarabindranath Swarna Nantha

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two hundred and seventy one original published materials related to tobacco use were found in a search through a database dedicated to indexing all original data relevant to Medicine and Health in Malaysia from 1996 -2015. A total of 147 papers were selected and reviewed on the basis of their relevance and implications for future research. Findings were summarised, categorised and presented according to epidemiology, behaviour, clinical features and management of smoking. Most studies are cross-sectional with small sample sizes. Studies on smoking initiation and prevalence showed mixed findings with many small scale studies within the sub-groups. The majority of the studies were related to factors that contribute to initiation in adolescents. Nonetheless, there are limited studies on intervention strategies to curb smoking among this group. There is a lack of clinical studies to analyse tobacco use and major health problems in Malaysia. In addition, studies on the best treatment modalities on the use of pharmacotherapy and behavioural counselling have also remained unexplored. Reasons why smokers do not seek clinic help to quit smoking need further exploration. A finding on the extent of effort carried out by healthcare providers in assisting smokers to make quit attempts is not known. Studies on economic and government initiatives on policies and tobacco use focus mainly on the effects of cigarette bans, increased cigarettes taxes and the influence of the tobacco industry. Recommendations are given for the government to increase efforts in implementing smoke-free legislation, early and tailored interventions. Clinical studies in this area are lacking, as are opportunities to research on ways to reduce smoking initiation age and the most effective quit smoking strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-41
Number of pages13
JournalMedical Journal of Malaysia
Volume71
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2016

Fingerprint

Malaysia
Smoking
Tobacco Use
Research
Tobacco Products
Tobacco Industry
Taxes
Health
Legislation
Smoke
Health Personnel
Sample Size
Counseling
Epidemiology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Economics
Medicine
Databases
Drug Therapy

Keywords

  • Cessation
  • Initiation
  • Malaysia
  • Review
  • Risk factors
  • Smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

A review of smoking research in Malaysia. / Wee, Lei Hum; Caryn Mei Hsien, Chan; Nantha, Yogarabindranath Swarna.

In: Medical Journal of Malaysia, Vol. 71, 01.06.2016, p. 29-41.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Wee, Lei Hum ; Caryn Mei Hsien, Chan ; Nantha, Yogarabindranath Swarna. / A review of smoking research in Malaysia. In: Medical Journal of Malaysia. 2016 ; Vol. 71. pp. 29-41.
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