A review of recent plasmonic nanoparticles incorporated P3HT: PCBM organic thin film solar cells

Eng Liang Lim, Chi Chin Yap, Mohd Asri Mat Teridi, Chin Hoong Teh, Abd Rashid Bin Mohd Yusoff, Mohammad Hafizuddin Jumali

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An optimum thickness of organic active layer of 100 nm or possibly less results in poor optical absorption in organic photovoltaic cells (OPV). The optical absorption can be improved by using a thick organic active layer, but the charge carrier collection efficiency will decrease due to low charge carrier mobility for most of the polymeric organic semiconductor. This phenomenon imposes a trade-off between optical absorption and charge carriers transport inside OPV. Recently, metallic nanostructures such as gold (Au) and silver (Ag) with various sizes and morphologies have been identified as an alternative route to boost the performance of OPV at this specific limited thickness (ie. ≤100 nm). Multiple plasmonic effects such as optical and electrical effects are induced upon introducing metallic nanoparticle(s), NP(s) into OPV. This review highlights recent progress in plasmonic-enhanced poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl): phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (P3HT: PCBM)-based OPV with NP(s) located either inside organic active layer or carrier transport layer (CTL) or at various interfaces within the OPV cell architecture. With understanding of the physical plasmonic effects for Au and Ag in OPV, such plasmonic NP(s) act as a new class of strategy for performance optimization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-28
Number of pages17
JournalOrganic Electronics: physics, materials, applications
Volume36
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2016

Fingerprint

Photovoltaic cells
photovoltaic cells
solar cells
Nanoparticles
nanoparticles
thin films
Charge carriers
Light absorption
charge carriers
optical absorption
Carrier transport
Semiconducting polymers
Butyric acid
Butyric Acid
butyric acid
Carrier mobility
organic semiconductors
Thin film solar cells
Organic solar cells
carrier mobility

Keywords

  • Optical absorption
  • Organic active layer
  • Organic photovoltaic
  • Performance optimization
  • Plasmonic effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

A review of recent plasmonic nanoparticles incorporated P3HT : PCBM organic thin film solar cells. / Lim, Eng Liang; Yap, Chi Chin; Mat Teridi, Mohd Asri; Teh, Chin Hoong; Mohd Yusoff, Abd Rashid Bin; Jumali, Mohammad Hafizuddin.

In: Organic Electronics: physics, materials, applications, Vol. 36, 01.09.2016, p. 12-28.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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