A review of moving-bed biofilm reactor technology for palm oil mill effluent treatment

Siti Nur Hatika Abu Bakar, Hassimi Abu Hasan, Abdul Wahab Mohammad, Siti Rozaimah Sheikh Abdullah, Teow Yeit Haan, Rahmat Ngteni, Khairul Muis Mohamed Yusof

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This review focuses on the advantages and challenges of using moving-bed biofilm reactor technology as an effective aerobic polishing treatment unit for palm oil mill effluent with the aim of achieving the goal of ‘zero discharge’. The main idea of this paper is to discuss the palm oil industry as a whole, paying particular attention to (1) current treatment techniques, (2) state-of-the-art moving-bed biofilm reactor technology for palm oil mill effluent treatment and (3) the operating design of moving-bed biofilm reactor technology co-assisted by biofilms, including the flow configuration, aeration mode and types, and characteristics of the media. In addition, the integration of moving-bed biofilm reactors with other treatment unit processes, such as membranes and coagulation, is also discussed. Based on this review, moving-bed biofilm reactors are considered to be an impactful polishing treatment technology in the treatment of palm oil mill effluent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1532-1545
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Volume171
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

Effluent treatment
Palm oil
Biofilms
biofilm
mill
effluent
oil
Polishing
Effluents
Coagulation
oil industry
coagulation
aeration
reactor
Chemical reactions
membrane
Membranes
Industry

Keywords

  • Ammonia-nitrogen removal
  • Chemical oxygen demand removal
  • Moving-bed biofilm reactor
  • Palm oil industry
  • Palm oil mill effluent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Strategy and Management
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

A review of moving-bed biofilm reactor technology for palm oil mill effluent treatment. / Abu Bakar, Siti Nur Hatika; Abu Hasan, Hassimi; Mohammad, Abdul Wahab; Sheikh Abdullah, Siti Rozaimah; Yeit Haan, Teow; Ngteni, Rahmat; Yusof, Khairul Muis Mohamed.

In: Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 171, 10.01.2018, p. 1532-1545.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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