A Review of Emission Reduction Potential and Cost Savings through Forest Carbon Sequestration

Asif Raihan, Rawshan Ara Begum, Mohd Nizam Mohd Said, Sharifah Mastura Syed Abdullah

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Rising atmospheric concentration of greenhouse gases has been increasing with its negative effects on climatic system. Forests absorb and store a huge amount of atmospheric carbon dioxide (one of the major greenhouse gases) as tree biomass. Because of such capacity of forests which is called carbon sequestration, it has received much attention due to the concerns of global climate change. The research question is whether forest carbon sequestration could potentially reduce emissions in a cost effective way or not. Therefore, this article reviews and summarises emission reduction potential and cost savings through forest carbon sequestration. However, tropical forests have the highest aboveground carbon density and carbon sequestration potential compared to the subtropical, temperate and boreal forests. Instead, carbon sequestration potential found to be higher in Africa followed by North America, Asia, South America, Europe and Australia. The cost for one tonne of forest carbon sink enhancement ranges between 0 to US$ 443 in 2011 prices. Forest carbon sink enhancement cost in tropical region is found cheaper than any other region in the world. Carbon forestry options i.e. forest management, afforestation and reforestation can decrease the equilibrium carbon price up to 80% and reduce the emission reduction costs up to 40% whereas afforestation found to be the most low-cost carbon sequestration option. Hence, forest carbon sequestration plays an important role in reducing emissions which offers an opportunity for cost-effective climate change mitigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalAsian Journal of Water, Environment and Pollution
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

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carbon sequestration
savings
Carbon
cost
Costs
carbon sink
afforestation
carbon
greenhouse gas
Forestry
Greenhouse gases
Climate change
reforestation
tropical region
emission reduction
temperate forest
boreal forest
tropical forest
forest management
global climate

Keywords

  • carbon price
  • Carbon sequestration
  • emission reduction
  • mitigation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Pollution

Cite this

A Review of Emission Reduction Potential and Cost Savings through Forest Carbon Sequestration. / Raihan, Asif; Begum, Rawshan Ara; Mohd Said, Mohd Nizam; Syed Abdullah, Sharifah Mastura.

In: Asian Journal of Water, Environment and Pollution, Vol. 16, No. 3, 01.01.2019, p. 1-7.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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