A retrospective study of oral and maxillofacial injuries in Seremban Hospital, Malaysia

Roszalina Ramli, Normastura Abdul Rahman, Roslan Abdul Rahman, Haizal Mohd Hussaini, Abdul Latif Abdul Hamid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Aetiology of oral and maxillofacial injuries in this country includes motorvehicle accident (MVA), fall, industrial accidents and others. Among these causes, MVA accident is the predominant cause of injury in Malaysia. Materials and methods: A retrospective record review was carried out using hospital records of all patients who sustained oral and maxillofacial injury at the Department of Oral Surgery, Seremban Hospital, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia between 1998 and 2002. Information related to demographics, aetiology of trauma, vehicles involved in collision, location of injuries and treatment modalities were reviewed. Results: Two thousand nine hundred and eighty-six patients sustained oral and maxillofacial injuries. Of these patients, 79.2% were men and the remaining were women. Among all the races, Malays had the highest involvement (50.6%) followed by Indians (24.5%), Chinese (19.6%) and others (5.3%). There were statistically significant results on the association of aetiology and the ethnic groups, in the age group of 30years or less and male gender (P<0.001). The most common injury was the soft-tissue injury followed by dental and dentoalveolar injuries and bony fracture. Among all facial fractures, 66.3% were managed conservatively, 13% were treated surgically and 19.7% did not have any intervention. In relation to dental and dentoalveolar injuries, 64.8% had treatment in the form of splinting, restorations or dental extraction. The rest of the patients (35.2%) were referred to their dentists or did not have any active treatment at Seremban Hospital. Conclusion: Most of the dental and facial injuries in Seremban Hospital were caused by MVA and were predominantly managed using conservative methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)122-126
Number of pages5
JournalDental Traumatology
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2011

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Maxillofacial Injuries
Tooth Injuries
Malaysia
Accidents
Retrospective Studies
Wounds and Injuries
Facial Injuries
Occupational Accidents
Soft Tissue Injuries
Tooth Extraction
Hospital Records
Oral Surgery
Dentists
Ethnic Groups
Therapeutics
Age Groups
Demography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery

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A retrospective study of oral and maxillofacial injuries in Seremban Hospital, Malaysia. / Ramli, Roszalina; Rahman, Normastura Abdul; Rahman, Roslan Abdul; Hussaini, Haizal Mohd; Hamid, Abdul Latif Abdul.

In: Dental Traumatology, Vol. 27, No. 2, 04.2011, p. 122-126.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ramli, Roszalina ; Rahman, Normastura Abdul ; Rahman, Roslan Abdul ; Hussaini, Haizal Mohd ; Hamid, Abdul Latif Abdul. / A retrospective study of oral and maxillofacial injuries in Seremban Hospital, Malaysia. In: Dental Traumatology. 2011 ; Vol. 27, No. 2. pp. 122-126.
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