A reflection on 'Abduh's Islamic modernism and its declining factors

Ibrahim Abu Bakar

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Muslims used to build Muslim civilizations after they became dominant leaders of the world during the Abbasid caliphates and Muslims continued to dominate the world politics during the Ottoman Sultanates or caliphates. However, since the 19th century the Muslims and their nations were weaker than non-Muslims especially the western Christian nations. Their weaknesses made them unable to confront and win over the western non-Muslim nations that colonized or ruled over them. The Muslim nations and countries in Africa, Asia and Southeast Asia were weak to defeat the powerful western nations and they came under the direct or indirect political and economic dominations of the western nations such as Englishmen and, Frenchmen, They either colonized Muslim nations and countries or protected them when they came under their protection by forced agreements made between the Muslim rulers and the western nations. The western nations colonized or protected Muslim nations for their own economic and political gains and advantages. The colonized or ruled Muslims remained in weakness and backwardness. Egypt came under the British protectorate. Some Egyptians thought about the reasons for the weaknesses and backwardness of Muslims and how to overcome them and how to make Muslims to become as strong as their non-Muslim colonizers or protectors. One of these Egyptian thinkers was Muhammad 'Abduh (d.1905); he has been considered as the pioneer and prime advocate of Islamic modernism in Egypt during his lifetime. He introduced his Islamic modernism to overcome the weakness and backwardness of Muslims in Egypt and in other countries as well. However, his Islamic modernism was unable to overcome the Muslim weakness and backwardness in Egypt because of political and religious factors and it was unable to withstand the declining factors during his life as well as after his death. This paper devotes to Islamic modernism as advocated by 'Abduh in Egypt and its declining factors. The sources or references for this paper are the books and articles on 'Abduh and his Islamic modernism and the factors pulling down his Islamic modernism.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)4917-4921
    Number of pages5
    JournalJournal of Applied Sciences Research
    Volume8
    Issue number10
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

    Fingerprint

    Muslims
    Egypt
    Backwardness
    Egyptians
    Economics
    Domination
    South-East Asia
    Prophet Muhammad
    Thinkers
    Pioneers
    Asia
    Abbasid
    Defeat
    Frenchman
    Africa
    Civilization
    Religion
    Ruler
    Englishman

    Keywords

    • 'Abduh
    • Egypt
    • Islam
    • Islamic modernism
    • Muslim weakness

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General

    Cite this

    A reflection on 'Abduh's Islamic modernism and its declining factors. / Bakar, Ibrahim Abu.

    In: Journal of Applied Sciences Research, Vol. 8, No. 10, 2012, p. 4917-4921.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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