A randomised controlled trial to examine the effectiveness of group cognitive behavioural therapy for the treatment of unipolar depression in Malaysia

Low Jia Liang, Firdaus Mukhtar, Sherina M. Sidik, Normala Ibrahim, Raynuha Mahadevan, Tian P.S. Oei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Malaysia has been experiencing a dearth in mental health resources. Group Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (GCBT) has been an established form of treatment for unipolar depression. The objectives of the current study were to examine the effectiveness of using GCBT for the treatment of depression in Malaysia. A total of 174 participants suffering from unipolar depression were recruited and randomly allocated to one of GCBT+Treatment as Usual (TAU), Relaxation training+TAU, or TAU only treatment groups. The participants were between 18-60 years of age. The participants in the GCBT+TAU group received eight Group CBT sessions of over a span of two months. The participants receiving Relaxation+TAU treatment received eight relaxation training sessions over a span of two months. The participants in the TAU only treatment group received treatment as usual from their psychiatrists. The BDI-M, ATQ-M, ATQP-M and DAS-M were administered at pre-treatment, mid-treatment (week 4) and post-treatment. Repeated Measures MANOVA showed a significant interaction effect between treatment group and time for BDI-M, ATQ-M, ATQP-M and DAS-M. Results showed that GCBT+TAU was able to significantly reduce depressive symptoms, negative cognitions and beliefs. Moderate effect sizes for the BDI-M scores, as well as significantly reliable and clinical change, were also found. The current study was limited by geographical boundaries, where only hospitals in and around the greater Klang Valley area were sampled. Results from the current study suggest that GCBT is effective in reducing the symptoms of depression in a Malaysian setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1271-1296
Number of pages26
JournalPertanika Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities
Volume25
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2017

Fingerprint

Malaysia
BDI
Group
Randomized controlled trial
Therapy
Randomized Controlled Trial
psychiatrist
cognition
mental health
interaction

Keywords

  • Depression
  • GCBT
  • Malaysia
  • RCT
  • Relaxation
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Arts and Humanities(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)

Cite this

A randomised controlled trial to examine the effectiveness of group cognitive behavioural therapy for the treatment of unipolar depression in Malaysia. / Liang, Low Jia; Mukhtar, Firdaus; Sidik, Sherina M.; Ibrahim, Normala; Mahadevan, Raynuha; Oei, Tian P.S.

In: Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vol. 25, No. 3, 01.09.2017, p. 1271-1296.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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