A preliminary study on the diversity and abundance of onthophagus species (coleoptera

scarabaeidae) in an oil palm plantation, peninsular Malaysia in relation to carbon dioxide and soil organic matter

Nur Hasyimah Ramli, Nor Atikah Abdul Rahim, Abdullah Muhaimin Mohammad Din, Wan Nur Madihah Wan Abd Halim, Salmah Yaakop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Dung beetles are important bioindicator species in an ecosystem. The relationship between the CO2 concentration and percentage of soil organic matter (SOM) with the diversity and abundance of Onthophagus species was investigated as a model genus in a model sampling area in an oil palm plantation in the southern part of Peninsular Malaysia. In total, 554 samples belonging to 25 species of Onthophagus were collected. No significant differences in CO2 concentration during the day and night across the stations were found, except DCO2S1 vs DCO2S2 (p = 0.014, p < 0.05). Also, the diversity and abundance of species did not differ significantly (H'= 2.250 [diurnal] and H'= 1.854 [nocturnal]; p > 0.05). The dung beetle species recorded specifically during the day were O. aphodiodes, O. denticollis, O. cf. pacificus, O. dayacus, O. sp. 1, O. penicillatus, O. peninsulocupreus, and O."hairy group" (H'= 1.739), while O. babirussoides, O. phaenids, O. insicus, O. paraphamaeomorphos, O. peninsularis, and O. parachandrai (H'= 1.677) were observed at night. Furthermore, no relationship was discerned between % SOM vs diversity indices (r = 0.348), evenness (r = -0.289), and richness (r = 0.972) of dung beetles. This is the first study in Malaysia to illustrate a lack of relationship between CO2 concentration and SOM with Onthophagus spp. The preliminary data of this research can be used for future studies on diversity and ecology of dung beetles in relation to CO2 and SOM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)405-419
Number of pages15
JournalPertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science
Volume42
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019

Fingerprint

Onthophagus
dung beetles
Elaeis guineensis
Scarabaeidae
Malaysia
soil organic matter
plantations
carbon dioxide
Coleoptera
indicator species
ecology
sampling
ecosystems

Keywords

  • Co2
  • Correlation
  • Diurnal
  • Malaysia
  • Nocturnal
  • Onthophagus
  • Scarabaeidae
  • Som

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

A preliminary study on the diversity and abundance of onthophagus species (coleoptera : scarabaeidae) in an oil palm plantation, peninsular Malaysia in relation to carbon dioxide and soil organic matter. / Ramli, Nur Hasyimah; Rahim, Nor Atikah Abdul; Din, Abdullah Muhaimin Mohammad; Halim, Wan Nur Madihah Wan Abd; Yaakop, Salmah.

In: Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Vol. 42, No. 1, 01.03.2019, p. 405-419.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Dung beetles are important bioindicator species in an ecosystem. The relationship between the CO2 concentration and percentage of soil organic matter (SOM) with the diversity and abundance of Onthophagus species was investigated as a model genus in a model sampling area in an oil palm plantation in the southern part of Peninsular Malaysia. In total, 554 samples belonging to 25 species of Onthophagus were collected. No significant differences in CO2 concentration during the day and night across the stations were found, except DCO2S1 vs DCO2S2 (p = 0.014, p < 0.05). Also, the diversity and abundance of species did not differ significantly (H'= 2.250 [diurnal] and H'= 1.854 [nocturnal]; p > 0.05). The dung beetle species recorded specifically during the day were O. aphodiodes, O. denticollis, O. cf. pacificus, O. dayacus, O. sp. 1, O. penicillatus, O. peninsulocupreus, and O.{"}hairy group{"} (H'= 1.739), while O. babirussoides, O. phaenids, O. insicus, O. paraphamaeomorphos, O. peninsularis, and O. parachandrai (H'= 1.677) were observed at night. Furthermore, no relationship was discerned between {\%} SOM vs diversity indices (r = 0.348), evenness (r = -0.289), and richness (r = 0.972) of dung beetles. This is the first study in Malaysia to illustrate a lack of relationship between CO2 concentration and SOM with Onthophagus spp. The preliminary data of this research can be used for future studies on diversity and ecology of dung beetles in relation to CO2 and SOM.",
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