A phytotoxicity test of bulrush (Scirpus grossus) grown with diesel contamination in a free-flow reed bed system

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, bulrush (Scirpus grossus) was subjected to a 72 day phytotoxicity test to assess its ability to phytoremediate diesel contamination in simulated wastewater at different concentrations (0, 8700, 17,400 and 26,100. mg/L). Diesel degradation by S. grossus was measured in terms of total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH-D). The TPH-D concentration in the synthetic wastewater was determined with the liquid-liquid extraction method and gas chromatography. S. grossus was found to reduce TPH-D by 70.0 and 80.2% for concentrations of 8700. mg/L and 17,400. mg/L, respectively. At a diesel concentration of 26,100. mg/L, S. grossus died after 14 days. Additionally, the biomass of S. grossus plants was found to increase throughout the phytotoxicity test, confirming the ability of the plant to survive in water contaminated with diesel at rates of less than 17,400. mg/L.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)64-69
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume252-253
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 May 2013

Fingerprint

phytotoxicity
Petroleum
Hydrocarbons
diesel
Contamination
petroleum hydrocarbon
Crude oil
Waste Water
Wastewater
Liquid-Liquid Extraction
Liquids
wastewater
Gas chromatography
Gas Chromatography
Biomass
liquid
extraction method
Degradation
gas chromatography
Water

Keywords

  • Biomass
  • Hydrocarbon
  • Phytoremediation
  • Phytotoxicity
  • Reed bed

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Pollution
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Engineering

Cite this

@article{16bae7d9d8f2491b9dcdb3749dce6769,
title = "A phytotoxicity test of bulrush (Scirpus grossus) grown with diesel contamination in a free-flow reed bed system",
abstract = "In this study, bulrush (Scirpus grossus) was subjected to a 72 day phytotoxicity test to assess its ability to phytoremediate diesel contamination in simulated wastewater at different concentrations (0, 8700, 17,400 and 26,100. mg/L). Diesel degradation by S. grossus was measured in terms of total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH-D). The TPH-D concentration in the synthetic wastewater was determined with the liquid-liquid extraction method and gas chromatography. S. grossus was found to reduce TPH-D by 70.0 and 80.2{\%} for concentrations of 8700. mg/L and 17,400. mg/L, respectively. At a diesel concentration of 26,100. mg/L, S. grossus died after 14 days. Additionally, the biomass of S. grossus plants was found to increase throughout the phytotoxicity test, confirming the ability of the plant to survive in water contaminated with diesel at rates of less than 17,400. mg/L.",
keywords = "Biomass, Hydrocarbon, Phytoremediation, Phytotoxicity, Reed bed",
author = "Al-Baldawi, {Israa Abdulwahab} and {Sheikh Abdullah}, {Siti Rozaimah} and Nurina Anuar and Fatihah Suja` and Mushrifah Idris",
year = "2013",
month = "5",
day = "5",
doi = "10.1016/j.jhazmat.2013.01.067",
language = "English",
volume = "252-253",
pages = "64--69",
journal = "Journal of Hazardous Materials",
issn = "0304-3894",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A phytotoxicity test of bulrush (Scirpus grossus) grown with diesel contamination in a free-flow reed bed system

AU - Al-Baldawi, Israa Abdulwahab

AU - Sheikh Abdullah, Siti Rozaimah

AU - Anuar, Nurina

AU - Suja`, Fatihah

AU - Idris, Mushrifah

PY - 2013/5/5

Y1 - 2013/5/5

N2 - In this study, bulrush (Scirpus grossus) was subjected to a 72 day phytotoxicity test to assess its ability to phytoremediate diesel contamination in simulated wastewater at different concentrations (0, 8700, 17,400 and 26,100. mg/L). Diesel degradation by S. grossus was measured in terms of total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH-D). The TPH-D concentration in the synthetic wastewater was determined with the liquid-liquid extraction method and gas chromatography. S. grossus was found to reduce TPH-D by 70.0 and 80.2% for concentrations of 8700. mg/L and 17,400. mg/L, respectively. At a diesel concentration of 26,100. mg/L, S. grossus died after 14 days. Additionally, the biomass of S. grossus plants was found to increase throughout the phytotoxicity test, confirming the ability of the plant to survive in water contaminated with diesel at rates of less than 17,400. mg/L.

AB - In this study, bulrush (Scirpus grossus) was subjected to a 72 day phytotoxicity test to assess its ability to phytoremediate diesel contamination in simulated wastewater at different concentrations (0, 8700, 17,400 and 26,100. mg/L). Diesel degradation by S. grossus was measured in terms of total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH-D). The TPH-D concentration in the synthetic wastewater was determined with the liquid-liquid extraction method and gas chromatography. S. grossus was found to reduce TPH-D by 70.0 and 80.2% for concentrations of 8700. mg/L and 17,400. mg/L, respectively. At a diesel concentration of 26,100. mg/L, S. grossus died after 14 days. Additionally, the biomass of S. grossus plants was found to increase throughout the phytotoxicity test, confirming the ability of the plant to survive in water contaminated with diesel at rates of less than 17,400. mg/L.

KW - Biomass

KW - Hydrocarbon

KW - Phytoremediation

KW - Phytotoxicity

KW - Reed bed

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84874969447&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84874969447&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2013.01.067

DO - 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2013.01.067

M3 - Article

C2 - 23500791

AN - SCOPUS:84874969447

VL - 252-253

SP - 64

EP - 69

JO - Journal of Hazardous Materials

JF - Journal of Hazardous Materials

SN - 0304-3894

ER -