A phytochemical comparison of saw palmetto products using gas chromatography and 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy metabolomic profiling

Anthony Booker, Andy Suter, Ana Krnjic, Brigitte Strassel, Mire Zloh, Mazlina Mohd Said, Michael Heinrich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives Preparations containing saw palmetto berries are used in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). There are many products on the market, and relatively little is known about their chemical variability and specifically the composition and quality of different saw palmetto products notwithstanding that in 2000, an international consultation paper from the major urological associations from the five continents on treatments for BPH demanded further research on this topic. Here, we compare two analytical approaches and characterise 57 different saw palmetto products. Methods An established method - gas chromatography - was used for the quantification of nine fatty acids, while a novel approach of metabolomic profiling using 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy was used as a fingerprinting tool to assess the overall composition of the extracts. Key findings The phytochemical analysis determining the fatty acids showed a high level of heterogeneity of the different products in the total amount and of nine single fatty acids. A robust and reproducible 1H NMR spectroscopy method was established, and the results showed that it was possible to statistically differentiate between saw palmetto products that had been extracted under different conditions but not between products that used a similar extraction method. Principal component analysis was able to determine those products that had significantly different metabolites. Conclusions The metabolomic approach developed offers novel opportunities for quality control along the value chain of saw palmetto and needs to be followed further, as with this method, the complexity of a herbal extract can be better assessed than with the analysis of a single group of constituents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)811-822
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Volume66
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

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Metabolomics
Phytochemicals
Gas Chromatography
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Fatty Acids
Prostatic Hyperplasia
Principal Component Analysis
Quality Control
Fruit
Referral and Consultation
Research

Keywords

  • fatty acids
  • gas chromatography
  • metabolomics
  • saw palmetto

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science

Cite this

A phytochemical comparison of saw palmetto products using gas chromatography and 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy metabolomic profiling. / Booker, Anthony; Suter, Andy; Krnjic, Ana; Strassel, Brigitte; Zloh, Mire; Mohd Said, Mazlina; Heinrich, Michael.

In: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Vol. 66, No. 6, 2014, p. 811-822.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Booker, Anthony ; Suter, Andy ; Krnjic, Ana ; Strassel, Brigitte ; Zloh, Mire ; Mohd Said, Mazlina ; Heinrich, Michael. / A phytochemical comparison of saw palmetto products using gas chromatography and 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy metabolomic profiling. In: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology. 2014 ; Vol. 66, No. 6. pp. 811-822.
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