A New Geological Map of Formation Distribution on Southern Part of South China Sea:; Natuna Island, Indonesia

H. Kausarian, S. Lei, Thian Lai Goh, Y. Cui, A. Suryadi

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

Natuna Island is located at the outer part of the Indonesian territory and also as the end part of South China Sea at the south. Natuna consists of the islands that are surrounded by coral reefs and composed by sedimentary rock and sediment surface (alluvium). Natuna is a part of the Sunda group (Sundaland) which evolved through tectonic events (on the east) and volcanic activity, the formation of this island occurred in late Triassic time. Survey (field observation) applied for geological mapping by sample analyzing and tracking using handheld GPS. This research uses Natuna geological map from geological research and development center of Indonesia in 1994 with the scale of 1: 250,000 and interpretation of satellite imagery from the year 2015 with scale 1: 50,000 as reference material. The new spreading of formation distribution is seen in the Raharjapura Formation which has the lithology of alternating sandstone and repeating limestone spread across the north to the southwest and dominates the arrangement of formations in this island. Another new spreading occurs in the Eastern for Pengadah Formation, this formation has conglomerate lithology, sandstone aligned with Raharjapura's formation. Hydrocarbon outcrop also found in the northeastern region of Natuna, this is a common thing because the Natuna islands are famous for its natural wealth of oil and gas. The final result is an updated geological map showing significant changes to the distribution of rock formations and alluvium and also propose the idea for developing this island as the vital area for Indonesian territory border.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012020
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Volume532
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019
Event4th International Conference on Science, Technology and Interdisciplinary Research, IC-STAR 2018 - Tanjung Pandan, Bangka-Belitung Province, Indonesia
Duration: 29 Aug 201830 Aug 2018

Fingerprint

Lithology
Sandstone
Sedimentary rocks
Satellite imagery
Reefs
Calcium Carbonate
Tectonics
Hydrocarbons
Limestone
Global positioning system
Sediments
Oils
Gases
Rocks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

A New Geological Map of Formation Distribution on Southern Part of South China Sea:; Natuna Island, Indonesia. / Kausarian, H.; Lei, S.; Goh, Thian Lai; Cui, Y.; Suryadi, A.

In: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 532, No. 1, 012020, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

@article{8c8d487041e146aa91ff6c14c9a6e1cf,
title = "A New Geological Map of Formation Distribution on Southern Part of South China Sea:; Natuna Island, Indonesia",
abstract = "Natuna Island is located at the outer part of the Indonesian territory and also as the end part of South China Sea at the south. Natuna consists of the islands that are surrounded by coral reefs and composed by sedimentary rock and sediment surface (alluvium). Natuna is a part of the Sunda group (Sundaland) which evolved through tectonic events (on the east) and volcanic activity, the formation of this island occurred in late Triassic time. Survey (field observation) applied for geological mapping by sample analyzing and tracking using handheld GPS. This research uses Natuna geological map from geological research and development center of Indonesia in 1994 with the scale of 1: 250,000 and interpretation of satellite imagery from the year 2015 with scale 1: 50,000 as reference material. The new spreading of formation distribution is seen in the Raharjapura Formation which has the lithology of alternating sandstone and repeating limestone spread across the north to the southwest and dominates the arrangement of formations in this island. Another new spreading occurs in the Eastern for Pengadah Formation, this formation has conglomerate lithology, sandstone aligned with Raharjapura's formation. Hydrocarbon outcrop also found in the northeastern region of Natuna, this is a common thing because the Natuna islands are famous for its natural wealth of oil and gas. The final result is an updated geological map showing significant changes to the distribution of rock formations and alluvium and also propose the idea for developing this island as the vital area for Indonesian territory border.",
author = "H. Kausarian and S. Lei and Goh, {Thian Lai} and Y. Cui and A. Suryadi",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1088/1757-899X/532/1/012020",
language = "English",
volume = "532",
journal = "IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering",
issn = "1757-8981",
publisher = "IOP Publishing Ltd.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A New Geological Map of Formation Distribution on Southern Part of South China Sea:; Natuna Island, Indonesia

AU - Kausarian, H.

AU - Lei, S.

AU - Goh, Thian Lai

AU - Cui, Y.

AU - Suryadi, A.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Natuna Island is located at the outer part of the Indonesian territory and also as the end part of South China Sea at the south. Natuna consists of the islands that are surrounded by coral reefs and composed by sedimentary rock and sediment surface (alluvium). Natuna is a part of the Sunda group (Sundaland) which evolved through tectonic events (on the east) and volcanic activity, the formation of this island occurred in late Triassic time. Survey (field observation) applied for geological mapping by sample analyzing and tracking using handheld GPS. This research uses Natuna geological map from geological research and development center of Indonesia in 1994 with the scale of 1: 250,000 and interpretation of satellite imagery from the year 2015 with scale 1: 50,000 as reference material. The new spreading of formation distribution is seen in the Raharjapura Formation which has the lithology of alternating sandstone and repeating limestone spread across the north to the southwest and dominates the arrangement of formations in this island. Another new spreading occurs in the Eastern for Pengadah Formation, this formation has conglomerate lithology, sandstone aligned with Raharjapura's formation. Hydrocarbon outcrop also found in the northeastern region of Natuna, this is a common thing because the Natuna islands are famous for its natural wealth of oil and gas. The final result is an updated geological map showing significant changes to the distribution of rock formations and alluvium and also propose the idea for developing this island as the vital area for Indonesian territory border.

AB - Natuna Island is located at the outer part of the Indonesian territory and also as the end part of South China Sea at the south. Natuna consists of the islands that are surrounded by coral reefs and composed by sedimentary rock and sediment surface (alluvium). Natuna is a part of the Sunda group (Sundaland) which evolved through tectonic events (on the east) and volcanic activity, the formation of this island occurred in late Triassic time. Survey (field observation) applied for geological mapping by sample analyzing and tracking using handheld GPS. This research uses Natuna geological map from geological research and development center of Indonesia in 1994 with the scale of 1: 250,000 and interpretation of satellite imagery from the year 2015 with scale 1: 50,000 as reference material. The new spreading of formation distribution is seen in the Raharjapura Formation which has the lithology of alternating sandstone and repeating limestone spread across the north to the southwest and dominates the arrangement of formations in this island. Another new spreading occurs in the Eastern for Pengadah Formation, this formation has conglomerate lithology, sandstone aligned with Raharjapura's formation. Hydrocarbon outcrop also found in the northeastern region of Natuna, this is a common thing because the Natuna islands are famous for its natural wealth of oil and gas. The final result is an updated geological map showing significant changes to the distribution of rock formations and alluvium and also propose the idea for developing this island as the vital area for Indonesian territory border.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85067657028&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85067657028&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1088/1757-899X/532/1/012020

DO - 10.1088/1757-899X/532/1/012020

M3 - Conference article

AN - SCOPUS:85067657028

VL - 532

JO - IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering

JF - IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering

SN - 1757-8981

IS - 1

M1 - 012020

ER -