A mini scale batch reactor for the production of palm-based polyol

Khairiah Badri, Muhammad Syukri Ngah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

An investigation on a batch production of palm kernel oil polyol (PKO-p) was conducted via esterification and condensation. The process design was thoroughly studied as a preliminary step for future upscaling. The process variables included necessity of vacuum pump, controlling of heating rate, recording the production time, nitrogen gas flow and agitator speed. About 250 mL PKO-p was successfully synthesized within 3 h. Vacuum pressure was applied to haul out moisture from the system. The control of heating rate and production time are vital to avoid sudden oxidation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)861-867
Number of pages7
JournalSains Malaysiana
Volume44
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2015

Fingerprint

palm kernel oil
polyols
agitators
vacuum pumps
heat
esterification
gases
oxidation
nitrogen
process design

Keywords

  • Batch reactor
  • Palm kernel oil polyol
  • Palm-based polyurethane
  • Process design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

A mini scale batch reactor for the production of palm-based polyol. / Badri, Khairiah; Ngah, Muhammad Syukri.

In: Sains Malaysiana, Vol. 44, No. 6, 01.06.2015, p. 861-867.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Badri, Khairiah ; Ngah, Muhammad Syukri. / A mini scale batch reactor for the production of palm-based polyol. In: Sains Malaysiana. 2015 ; Vol. 44, No. 6. pp. 861-867.
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