A margin-of-the-day online adaptive intensity-modulated radiotherapy strategy for cervical cancer provides superior treatment accuracy compared to clinically recommended margins: A dosimetric evaluation

Rozilawati Ahmad, Luiza Bondar, Peter Voet, Jan Willem Mens, Sandra Quint, Glenn Dhawtal, Ben Heijmen, Mischa Hoogeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose. To dosimetrically evaluate a margin-of-the-day (MoD) online adaptive intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) strategy for cervical cancer patients. The strategy is based on a single planning computed tomography (CT) scan and a pretreatment constructed IMRT plan library with incremental clinical target volumes (CTV)-to-planning target volumes (PTV) margins. Material and methods. For 14 patients, 9-10 variable bladder filling CT scans acquired at pretreatment and after 40 Gy were available. Bladder volume variability during the treatment course was recorded by twice-weekly US bladder-volume measurements. A MoD strategy that selects the best IMRT plan of the day from a library of plans with incremental margins in steps of 5 mm was compared with a clinically recommended population-based margin (15 mm). To compare the strategies, for each fraction that had a recorded US bladder-volume measurement, the CT scan with the nearest bladder volume was selected from the pretreatment CT series and from the CT series acquired after 40 Gy. A frequency-weighted average of the dose-volume histograms (DVH) parameters calculated for the two selected CT scans was used to estimate the DVH parameters of the fraction of interest. Results. The 15-mm recommended margin resulted in cervix-uterus underdosage in six of 14 patients. Compared with the 15-mm margin, the MoD strategy resulted in significantly better cervix-uterus coverage (p = 0.008) without a significant difference in the sparing of rectum, bladder, and small bowel. For each patient, 3-8 (median 5) plans were needed in the library of plans for the MoD strategy. The required range of the MoD was 5-45 mm (median 15 mm). Twenty-five percent of all fractions could be treated with a MoD of 5 mm and 81% of all fractions could be treated with a MoD up to 25 mm. Conclusions. Compared with a clinically recommended margin, a simple online adaptive strategy resulted in better cervix-uterus coverage without compromising organs at risk sparing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1430-1436
Number of pages7
JournalActa Oncologica
Volume52
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2013

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Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
Urinary Bladder
Tomography
Cervix Uteri
Libraries
Therapeutics
Organs at Risk
Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
Rectum
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Hematology

Cite this

A margin-of-the-day online adaptive intensity-modulated radiotherapy strategy for cervical cancer provides superior treatment accuracy compared to clinically recommended margins : A dosimetric evaluation. / Ahmad, Rozilawati; Bondar, Luiza; Voet, Peter; Mens, Jan Willem; Quint, Sandra; Dhawtal, Glenn; Heijmen, Ben; Hoogeman, Mischa.

In: Acta Oncologica, Vol. 52, No. 7, 10.2013, p. 1430-1436.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ahmad, Rozilawati ; Bondar, Luiza ; Voet, Peter ; Mens, Jan Willem ; Quint, Sandra ; Dhawtal, Glenn ; Heijmen, Ben ; Hoogeman, Mischa. / A margin-of-the-day online adaptive intensity-modulated radiotherapy strategy for cervical cancer provides superior treatment accuracy compared to clinically recommended margins : A dosimetric evaluation. In: Acta Oncologica. 2013 ; Vol. 52, No. 7. pp. 1430-1436.
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abstract = "Purpose. To dosimetrically evaluate a margin-of-the-day (MoD) online adaptive intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) strategy for cervical cancer patients. The strategy is based on a single planning computed tomography (CT) scan and a pretreatment constructed IMRT plan library with incremental clinical target volumes (CTV)-to-planning target volumes (PTV) margins. Material and methods. For 14 patients, 9-10 variable bladder filling CT scans acquired at pretreatment and after 40 Gy were available. Bladder volume variability during the treatment course was recorded by twice-weekly US bladder-volume measurements. A MoD strategy that selects the best IMRT plan of the day from a library of plans with incremental margins in steps of 5 mm was compared with a clinically recommended population-based margin (15 mm). To compare the strategies, for each fraction that had a recorded US bladder-volume measurement, the CT scan with the nearest bladder volume was selected from the pretreatment CT series and from the CT series acquired after 40 Gy. A frequency-weighted average of the dose-volume histograms (DVH) parameters calculated for the two selected CT scans was used to estimate the DVH parameters of the fraction of interest. Results. The 15-mm recommended margin resulted in cervix-uterus underdosage in six of 14 patients. Compared with the 15-mm margin, the MoD strategy resulted in significantly better cervix-uterus coverage (p = 0.008) without a significant difference in the sparing of rectum, bladder, and small bowel. For each patient, 3-8 (median 5) plans were needed in the library of plans for the MoD strategy. The required range of the MoD was 5-45 mm (median 15 mm). Twenty-five percent of all fractions could be treated with a MoD of 5 mm and 81{\%} of all fractions could be treated with a MoD up to 25 mm. Conclusions. Compared with a clinically recommended margin, a simple online adaptive strategy resulted in better cervix-uterus coverage without compromising organs at risk sparing.",
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AU - Ahmad, Rozilawati

AU - Bondar, Luiza

AU - Voet, Peter

AU - Mens, Jan Willem

AU - Quint, Sandra

AU - Dhawtal, Glenn

AU - Heijmen, Ben

AU - Hoogeman, Mischa

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AB - Purpose. To dosimetrically evaluate a margin-of-the-day (MoD) online adaptive intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) strategy for cervical cancer patients. The strategy is based on a single planning computed tomography (CT) scan and a pretreatment constructed IMRT plan library with incremental clinical target volumes (CTV)-to-planning target volumes (PTV) margins. Material and methods. For 14 patients, 9-10 variable bladder filling CT scans acquired at pretreatment and after 40 Gy were available. Bladder volume variability during the treatment course was recorded by twice-weekly US bladder-volume measurements. A MoD strategy that selects the best IMRT plan of the day from a library of plans with incremental margins in steps of 5 mm was compared with a clinically recommended population-based margin (15 mm). To compare the strategies, for each fraction that had a recorded US bladder-volume measurement, the CT scan with the nearest bladder volume was selected from the pretreatment CT series and from the CT series acquired after 40 Gy. A frequency-weighted average of the dose-volume histograms (DVH) parameters calculated for the two selected CT scans was used to estimate the DVH parameters of the fraction of interest. Results. The 15-mm recommended margin resulted in cervix-uterus underdosage in six of 14 patients. Compared with the 15-mm margin, the MoD strategy resulted in significantly better cervix-uterus coverage (p = 0.008) without a significant difference in the sparing of rectum, bladder, and small bowel. For each patient, 3-8 (median 5) plans were needed in the library of plans for the MoD strategy. The required range of the MoD was 5-45 mm (median 15 mm). Twenty-five percent of all fractions could be treated with a MoD of 5 mm and 81% of all fractions could be treated with a MoD up to 25 mm. Conclusions. Compared with a clinically recommended margin, a simple online adaptive strategy resulted in better cervix-uterus coverage without compromising organs at risk sparing.

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