A comprehensive population survey and daily activity budget on long-tailed macaques of Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Badrul Munir Md. Zain, N. A. Sha'ari, M. Mohd-Zaki, F. Ruslin, N. I. Idris, M. D. Kadderi, Wan Mohd Razi Idris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Variation in socioecological characteristic such as activity pattern is an example of how primates adapted to their local environment. In this study, daily activity budget of long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis) was described that confined in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia main campus. A comprehensive population survey of the long-tailed macaque was also conducted to determine the population count and group size. Between June 2002 and May 2010, several long-tailed macaque groups were observed via group focal sampling and the behavior continuously recorded. Population surveys indicated that there were nine groups of long-tailed macaques with 600 most individuals located around student residential colleges. Present results indicate that all long-tailed macaque groups spent most of their time in locomotion (18.00-31.36%). Resting (16.13-20.26%) and feeding (16.29-24.02%) accounted as the most activities after moving. However, long tailed-macaques were less engaged in social activities such as playing, vocalization, agonistic, grooming and sexual behaviors. Chi-square test demonstrated that daily activity budget differed significantly among behaviors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)608-615
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Sciences
Volume10
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Fingerprint

Malaysia
Macaca
Budgets
Population
Agonistic Behavior
Grooming
Macaca fascicularis
Chi-Square Distribution
Locomotion
Population Groups
Sexual Behavior
Primates
Surveys and Questionnaires
Students

Keywords

  • Activity pattern
  • Campus monkey
  • Daily activity budget
  • Long-tailed macaque
  • Macaca fascicularis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Medicine

Cite this

A comprehensive population survey and daily activity budget on long-tailed macaques of Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. / Md. Zain, Badrul Munir; Sha'ari, N. A.; Mohd-Zaki, M.; Ruslin, F.; Idris, N. I.; Kadderi, M. D.; Idris, Wan Mohd Razi.

In: Journal of Biological Sciences, Vol. 10, No. 7, 2010, p. 608-615.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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