A comparison of the rainfall patterns between stations on the East and the West coasts of Peninsular Malaysia using the smoothing model of rainfall amounts

Jamaludin Suhaila, Abdul Aziz Jemain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study is to model rainfall amounts on a daily basis by fitting a smooth curve to the mean rainfall per rainy day. The rainfall amounts are described as gamma distributions with smoothing parameters. The smoothing technique used is the approach of the Fourier series. Six rain gauge stations with the daily rainfall series covering the same period (1975-2004) are examined. Different rainfall patterns are observed among the stations, particularly between the east and the west. The stations in the western area have a bimodal pattern of rainfall and are best described with two harmonics, while four harmonics are required for the stations in the eastern area which exhibit a unimodal pattern of rainfall. The resulting curves with fitted smoothing parameters provide a good summary of statistics and useful information for describing the rainfall patterns and climate of the studied stations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)391-401
Number of pages11
JournalMeteorological Applications
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2009

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smoothing
rainfall
coast
comparison
station
gauge
climate

Keywords

  • Daily rainfall
  • Deviance
  • Fourier series
  • Gamma distributions
  • Generalized linear model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

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