A comparison of mandatory and voluntary approaches to the implementation of Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) in the Management of Hazardous Chemicals

Choo Ta Goh, Mazlin Mokhtar, Peter John Peterson, Nadzri Bin Yahaya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The European Union (EU) and the World Health Organization (WHO) have applied different approaches to facilitate the implementation of the UN Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS). The EU applied the mandatory approach by gazetting the EU Regulation 1272/2008 incorporating GHS elements on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures in 2008; whereas the WHO utilized a voluntary approach by incorporating GHS elements in the WHO guidelines entitled 'WHO Recommended Classification of Pesticides by Hazard' in 2009. We report on an analysis of both the mandatory and voluntary approaches practised by the EU and the WHO respectively, with close reference to the GHS 'purple book'. Our findings indicate that the mandatory approach practiced by the EU covers all the GHS elements referred to in the second revised edition of the GHS 'purple book'. Hence we can conclude that the EU has implemented the GHS particularly for industrial chemicals. On the other hand, the WHO guidelines published in 2009 should be revised to address concerns raised in this paper. In addition, both mandatory and voluntary approaches should be carefully examined because the classification results may be different.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)765-773
Number of pages9
JournalIndustrial Health
Volume49
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Oct 2011

Fingerprint

Hazardous Substances
European Union
Guidelines
United Nations
Product Packaging
Pesticides

Keywords

  • Classification
  • EU Regulations
  • Hazardous chemicals
  • Labelling
  • UN GHS implementation
  • WHO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

@article{da98fedc07874ff1b00e23f5b26ad323,
title = "A comparison of mandatory and voluntary approaches to the implementation of Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) in the Management of Hazardous Chemicals",
abstract = "The European Union (EU) and the World Health Organization (WHO) have applied different approaches to facilitate the implementation of the UN Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS). The EU applied the mandatory approach by gazetting the EU Regulation 1272/2008 incorporating GHS elements on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures in 2008; whereas the WHO utilized a voluntary approach by incorporating GHS elements in the WHO guidelines entitled 'WHO Recommended Classification of Pesticides by Hazard' in 2009. We report on an analysis of both the mandatory and voluntary approaches practised by the EU and the WHO respectively, with close reference to the GHS 'purple book'. Our findings indicate that the mandatory approach practiced by the EU covers all the GHS elements referred to in the second revised edition of the GHS 'purple book'. Hence we can conclude that the EU has implemented the GHS particularly for industrial chemicals. On the other hand, the WHO guidelines published in 2009 should be revised to address concerns raised in this paper. In addition, both mandatory and voluntary approaches should be carefully examined because the classification results may be different.",
keywords = "Classification, EU Regulations, Hazardous chemicals, Labelling, UN GHS implementation, WHO",
author = "Goh, {Choo Ta} and Mazlin Mokhtar and Peterson, {Peter John} and Yahaya, {Nadzri Bin}",
year = "2011",
month = "10",
day = "20",
doi = "10.2486/indhealth.MS1258",
language = "English",
volume = "49",
pages = "765--773",
journal = "Industrial Health",
issn = "0019-8366",
publisher = "National Institute of Industrial Health",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A comparison of mandatory and voluntary approaches to the implementation of Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) in the Management of Hazardous Chemicals

AU - Goh, Choo Ta

AU - Mokhtar, Mazlin

AU - Peterson, Peter John

AU - Yahaya, Nadzri Bin

PY - 2011/10/20

Y1 - 2011/10/20

N2 - The European Union (EU) and the World Health Organization (WHO) have applied different approaches to facilitate the implementation of the UN Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS). The EU applied the mandatory approach by gazetting the EU Regulation 1272/2008 incorporating GHS elements on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures in 2008; whereas the WHO utilized a voluntary approach by incorporating GHS elements in the WHO guidelines entitled 'WHO Recommended Classification of Pesticides by Hazard' in 2009. We report on an analysis of both the mandatory and voluntary approaches practised by the EU and the WHO respectively, with close reference to the GHS 'purple book'. Our findings indicate that the mandatory approach practiced by the EU covers all the GHS elements referred to in the second revised edition of the GHS 'purple book'. Hence we can conclude that the EU has implemented the GHS particularly for industrial chemicals. On the other hand, the WHO guidelines published in 2009 should be revised to address concerns raised in this paper. In addition, both mandatory and voluntary approaches should be carefully examined because the classification results may be different.

AB - The European Union (EU) and the World Health Organization (WHO) have applied different approaches to facilitate the implementation of the UN Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS). The EU applied the mandatory approach by gazetting the EU Regulation 1272/2008 incorporating GHS elements on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures in 2008; whereas the WHO utilized a voluntary approach by incorporating GHS elements in the WHO guidelines entitled 'WHO Recommended Classification of Pesticides by Hazard' in 2009. We report on an analysis of both the mandatory and voluntary approaches practised by the EU and the WHO respectively, with close reference to the GHS 'purple book'. Our findings indicate that the mandatory approach practiced by the EU covers all the GHS elements referred to in the second revised edition of the GHS 'purple book'. Hence we can conclude that the EU has implemented the GHS particularly for industrial chemicals. On the other hand, the WHO guidelines published in 2009 should be revised to address concerns raised in this paper. In addition, both mandatory and voluntary approaches should be carefully examined because the classification results may be different.

KW - Classification

KW - EU Regulations

KW - Hazardous chemicals

KW - Labelling

KW - UN GHS implementation

KW - WHO

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=83755178539&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=83755178539&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2486/indhealth.MS1258

DO - 10.2486/indhealth.MS1258

M3 - Article

C2 - 22020020

AN - SCOPUS:83755178539

VL - 49

SP - 765

EP - 773

JO - Industrial Health

JF - Industrial Health

SN - 0019-8366

IS - 6

ER -