A comparison of long-term fouling performance by zirconia ceramic filter and cation exchange in microbial fuel cells

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Abstract

The long-term performance of non-ion selective separators, zirconia ceramic filter (ZCF) with a various pore size such as 0.14 μm ZCF1, 150 kDa ZCF2 and 5 kDa ZCF3 were compared to commercial cation exchange membrane (CEM), Nafion 117 in microbial fuel cells. The ZCF3 generated the highest performance of 2800 ± 14.5 mWm−2 (5.9 Am−2) compared to CEM: 1800 ± 17.8 mWm−2, 4.0 Am−2. Meanwhile, the CEM exhibited maximum power decline during the reverse sweep (61.7%) when analyzed using the bi-directional polarization method. The non-ion selective membranes displayed reduced in maximum power decline during the reverse sweep (ZCF1 50%, ZCF2 40% and ZCF3 42.8%). In addition, the ZCF3 showed the highest proton conductivity and water uptake, 0.863 × 10−1 Scm−1 and 93.7% respectively, followed by ZCF2 (0.729 × 10−1 Scm−1, 80.98%), ZCF1 (0.624 × 10−1 Scm−1, 73.99%) and Nafion 117 (0.367 × 10−2 Scm−1, 57.07%). The ZCF3 appeared as an efficient material for electrochemical active bacteria, maintaining the high power of 1600 mWm−2, compared to CEM: 600 mWm−2 after eight months’ operation under batch mode. The long-term operation of MFCs was affected by the reduction of power output, caused by the increase in the thickness of the biofilm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-70
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Biodeterioration and Biodegradation
Volume136
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

Bioelectric Energy Sources
Microbial fuel cells
Ceramics
fuel cell
Fouling
fouling
Zirconia
ceramics
Cations
ion exchange
Ion exchange
Positive ions
membrane
filter
Membranes
Proton conductivity
Biofilms
water uptake
Separators
Pore size

Keywords

  • Bi-directional polarization
  • Biofilm
  • Hysteresis
  • Long-term performance
  • Non-ion selective separators
  • Zirconia ceramic filter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Biomaterials
  • Waste Management and Disposal

Cite this

@article{ae7dcd6beac64a4a9bba36872a8b5440,
title = "A comparison of long-term fouling performance by zirconia ceramic filter and cation exchange in microbial fuel cells",
abstract = "The long-term performance of non-ion selective separators, zirconia ceramic filter (ZCF) with a various pore size such as 0.14 μm ZCF1, 150 kDa ZCF2 and 5 kDa ZCF3 were compared to commercial cation exchange membrane (CEM), Nafion 117 in microbial fuel cells. The ZCF3 generated the highest performance of 2800 ± 14.5 mWm−2 (5.9 Am−2) compared to CEM: 1800 ± 17.8 mWm−2, 4.0 Am−2. Meanwhile, the CEM exhibited maximum power decline during the reverse sweep (61.7{\%}) when analyzed using the bi-directional polarization method. The non-ion selective membranes displayed reduced in maximum power decline during the reverse sweep (ZCF1 50{\%}, ZCF2 40{\%} and ZCF3 42.8{\%}). In addition, the ZCF3 showed the highest proton conductivity and water uptake, 0.863 × 10−1 Scm−1 and 93.7{\%} respectively, followed by ZCF2 (0.729 × 10−1 Scm−1, 80.98{\%}), ZCF1 (0.624 × 10−1 Scm−1, 73.99{\%}) and Nafion 117 (0.367 × 10−2 Scm−1, 57.07{\%}). The ZCF3 appeared as an efficient material for electrochemical active bacteria, maintaining the high power of 1600 mWm−2, compared to CEM: 600 mWm−2 after eight months’ operation under batch mode. The long-term operation of MFCs was affected by the reduction of power output, caused by the increase in the thickness of the biofilm.",
keywords = "Bi-directional polarization, Biofilm, Hysteresis, Long-term performance, Non-ion selective separators, Zirconia ceramic filter",
author = "Daud, {Siti Mariam} and {Wan Daud}, {Wan Ramli} and {Abu Bakar}, {Mimi Hani} and Kim, {Byung Hong} and Somalu, {Mahendra Rao} and {Md Jahim}, Jamaliah and Andanastuti Muchtar and Mostafa Ghasemi",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.ibiod.2018.11.001",
language = "English",
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journal = "International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation",
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T1 - A comparison of long-term fouling performance by zirconia ceramic filter and cation exchange in microbial fuel cells

AU - Daud, Siti Mariam

AU - Wan Daud, Wan Ramli

AU - Abu Bakar, Mimi Hani

AU - Kim, Byung Hong

AU - Somalu, Mahendra Rao

AU - Md Jahim, Jamaliah

AU - Muchtar, Andanastuti

AU - Ghasemi, Mostafa

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - The long-term performance of non-ion selective separators, zirconia ceramic filter (ZCF) with a various pore size such as 0.14 μm ZCF1, 150 kDa ZCF2 and 5 kDa ZCF3 were compared to commercial cation exchange membrane (CEM), Nafion 117 in microbial fuel cells. The ZCF3 generated the highest performance of 2800 ± 14.5 mWm−2 (5.9 Am−2) compared to CEM: 1800 ± 17.8 mWm−2, 4.0 Am−2. Meanwhile, the CEM exhibited maximum power decline during the reverse sweep (61.7%) when analyzed using the bi-directional polarization method. The non-ion selective membranes displayed reduced in maximum power decline during the reverse sweep (ZCF1 50%, ZCF2 40% and ZCF3 42.8%). In addition, the ZCF3 showed the highest proton conductivity and water uptake, 0.863 × 10−1 Scm−1 and 93.7% respectively, followed by ZCF2 (0.729 × 10−1 Scm−1, 80.98%), ZCF1 (0.624 × 10−1 Scm−1, 73.99%) and Nafion 117 (0.367 × 10−2 Scm−1, 57.07%). The ZCF3 appeared as an efficient material for electrochemical active bacteria, maintaining the high power of 1600 mWm−2, compared to CEM: 600 mWm−2 after eight months’ operation under batch mode. The long-term operation of MFCs was affected by the reduction of power output, caused by the increase in the thickness of the biofilm.

AB - The long-term performance of non-ion selective separators, zirconia ceramic filter (ZCF) with a various pore size such as 0.14 μm ZCF1, 150 kDa ZCF2 and 5 kDa ZCF3 were compared to commercial cation exchange membrane (CEM), Nafion 117 in microbial fuel cells. The ZCF3 generated the highest performance of 2800 ± 14.5 mWm−2 (5.9 Am−2) compared to CEM: 1800 ± 17.8 mWm−2, 4.0 Am−2. Meanwhile, the CEM exhibited maximum power decline during the reverse sweep (61.7%) when analyzed using the bi-directional polarization method. The non-ion selective membranes displayed reduced in maximum power decline during the reverse sweep (ZCF1 50%, ZCF2 40% and ZCF3 42.8%). In addition, the ZCF3 showed the highest proton conductivity and water uptake, 0.863 × 10−1 Scm−1 and 93.7% respectively, followed by ZCF2 (0.729 × 10−1 Scm−1, 80.98%), ZCF1 (0.624 × 10−1 Scm−1, 73.99%) and Nafion 117 (0.367 × 10−2 Scm−1, 57.07%). The ZCF3 appeared as an efficient material for electrochemical active bacteria, maintaining the high power of 1600 mWm−2, compared to CEM: 600 mWm−2 after eight months’ operation under batch mode. The long-term operation of MFCs was affected by the reduction of power output, caused by the increase in the thickness of the biofilm.

KW - Bi-directional polarization

KW - Biofilm

KW - Hysteresis

KW - Long-term performance

KW - Non-ion selective separators

KW - Zirconia ceramic filter

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SN - 0964-8305

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