A comparative study of the influence of shift factor equations on master curve construction

Nur Izzi Md Yusoff, Emmanuel Chailleux, Gordon D. Airey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper evaluates the applicability of different shifting techniques for constructing complex modulus master curves using the time-temperature superposition principle (TTSP). A database of complex modulus results of unmodified bitumens, polymer modified bitumens (PMBs), bitumen-filler mastics, unaged and aged bitumens was used together with a Generalized Logistic Sigmoidal Model to assess the validity of seven different shifting approaches. Except for the Laboratoire Central des Ponts et Chaussées (LCPC) method, the construction of master curves was done using the Generalised Logistic Sigmoidal Model and non-linear least squares regression optimization with the aid of the Microsoft Excel Spreadsheet Solver function. The goodness-of-fit for the various shifting techniques and functions was assessed through graphical and statistical methods. From the study, it was found that a numerical shift approach using non-linear least squares produced the best fit between experimental and predicted data in terms of both graphical and goodness-of-fit statistics. The ranking of the other shifting techniques consisted of the LCPC approach, followed by the William, Landel and Ferry (WLF), Modified Kaelble, Viscosity Temperature Susceptibility (VTS), Arrhenius and Log-Linear methods. However, most of the equations are basically empirical and they are not expected to be strictly obeyed by any materials. Discrepancies were still evident, even for the better functions, for those materials that demonstrated a deviation from the thermorheological simplicity of the rheological behaviour as found for highly structured bitumens following high degrees of polymer modification and/or oxidative ageing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)324-336
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Pavement Research and Technology
Volume4
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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Logistics
Spreadsheets
Polymers
Fillers
Statistical methods
Aging of materials
Statistics
Viscosity
Temperature

Keywords

  • Arrhenius equation
  • Generalised logistic sigmoidal model
  • Master curves
  • Shift factors
  • WLF equation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Civil and Structural Engineering

Cite this

A comparative study of the influence of shift factor equations on master curve construction. / Md Yusoff, Nur Izzi; Chailleux, Emmanuel; Airey, Gordon D.

In: International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology, Vol. 4, No. 6, 2011, p. 324-336.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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