A comparative study of the essential oils of four Goniothalamus species

Ibrahim Jantan, Abu Said Ahmad, Fasihuddin Ahmad

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The essential oils of four Goniothalamus species (G. malayanus Hook. f. and Thoms., G. uvariodes King, G. macrophyllus Hook. F. and G. andersonii J. Sinclair) were examined by capillary GC and GC-MS. The chemical components were identified by comparison of their mass spectral data with those existing in the Wiley library, their retention indices and co-chromatography of some constituents with authentic samples on two columns of different polarity. The leaf oils of G. uvariodes and G. malayanus were made up mainly of sesquiterpenoids where β-cubebene (15.2%) and β-selinene (33.6%) were the most abundant compounds, respectively. The bark oils of both species were also rich in sesquiterpenoids with eudesmols as the major compounds. The root oil of G. malayanus was qualitatively similar to its bark oil. However, the major group of compounds in the root oil of G. uvariodes was monoterpenoids where terpinen-4-ol (39.5%) and 1,8-cineole (14.0%) were the main representatives. Monoterpenoid was also the major group in the bark oil of G. macrophyllus with terpinen-4-ol, (Z)-β-ocimene, α-terpineol and 1,8-cineole present in significant amounts. The leaf oil of G. andersonii was characterized by its richness in sesquiterpenoids where guaiol (28.6%) and elemol (19.6%) were the major components. The distribution of the terpenoids in different parts of the plants may contribute to the identification of these Goniothalamus species.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationActa Horticulturae
Pages27-36
Number of pages10
Volume677
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Publication series

NameActa Horticulturae
Volume677
ISSN (Print)05677572

Fingerprint

Goniothalamus
essential oils
oils
sesquiterpenoids
bark
leaf oils
cineole
monoterpenoids
cubebene
ocimene
terpineol
terpenoids
spectral analysis
plant anatomy
chromatography

Keywords

  • Annonaceae
  • Chemotaxonomy
  • Essential oil composition
  • Goniothalamus species
  • Monoterpenoids
  • Sesquiterpenoids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Horticulture

Cite this

Jantan, I., Ahmad, A. S., & Ahmad, F. (2005). A comparative study of the essential oils of four Goniothalamus species. In Acta Horticulturae (Vol. 677, pp. 27-36). (Acta Horticulturae; Vol. 677).

A comparative study of the essential oils of four Goniothalamus species. / Jantan, Ibrahim; Ahmad, Abu Said; Ahmad, Fasihuddin.

Acta Horticulturae. Vol. 677 2005. p. 27-36 (Acta Horticulturae; Vol. 677).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Jantan, I, Ahmad, AS & Ahmad, F 2005, A comparative study of the essential oils of four Goniothalamus species. in Acta Horticulturae. vol. 677, Acta Horticulturae, vol. 677, pp. 27-36.
Jantan I, Ahmad AS, Ahmad F. A comparative study of the essential oils of four Goniothalamus species. In Acta Horticulturae. Vol. 677. 2005. p. 27-36. (Acta Horticulturae).
Jantan, Ibrahim ; Ahmad, Abu Said ; Ahmad, Fasihuddin. / A comparative study of the essential oils of four Goniothalamus species. Acta Horticulturae. Vol. 677 2005. pp. 27-36 (Acta Horticulturae).
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