A comparative analysis of conditional clauses in English and Persian: Text analysis

Mohammad Abdollahi-Guilani, Mohamad Subakir Mohd Yasin, Kim Hua Tan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This article compares the application of conditional clauses in English and Persian. Based on two classical literary works, East of Eden by John Steinbeck (1952) and Missing Solooch (In Persian Ja-ye Khali-ye Solooch) by Mahmood Dolatabadi (1979), conditional clauses were retrieved and analysed. The findings indicated that Persian and English have some similarities and differences in terms of the type of conditionals and conjunctions. English seems to employ more conditionals than Persian does. Among the different types of conditionals, type one shows to be more frequent in both languages, while Persian type 2 is mostly representative of type 3 concept. Persian appears to freely employ the subject-fronting strategy to place emphasis on the subject by assigning the subject to an initial position before 'if'. In both languages, the ifclause is mainly initial in imperative and declarative statements. Reverse conditionals and the deletion of 'if' in certain types suggesting high formality do not exist in Persian. Unlike English, Persian does not combine 'if' with adjectives and past participles and hence contracted conditionals and the courtesy-bearing structure of English are not common in Persian conditionals. Compared to Persian, the high frequency of English conditionals is also supported by the corpus of Hamshari, an Iranian newspaper, the Time Magazine corpus and Corpus of Contemporary American English.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-93
Number of pages11
Journal3L: Language, Linguistics, Literature
Volume18
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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text analysis
language
magazine
newspaper
Text Analysis
Comparative Analysis
Conditional Clause
Language
time

Keywords

  • Conditional clauses
  • Corpus
  • Hypothetical statements
  • Persian
  • Subject-fronting
  • Syntax

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Literature and Literary Theory
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

A comparative analysis of conditional clauses in English and Persian : Text analysis. / Abdollahi-Guilani, Mohammad; Mohd Yasin, Mohamad Subakir; Tan, Kim Hua.

In: 3L: Language, Linguistics, Literature, Vol. 18, No. 2, 2012, p. 83-93.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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