A case control study on personality traits and disorders in deliberate self-harm in a Malaysian Hospital

A. Hamidin, T. Maniam

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Objective: This study was conducted to compare personality traits in deliberate self-harm (DSH) patients with a control group matched for age, sex and race. Methods: A case-control study design was used in this study. A total of 50 consecutive admissions to Kuala Lumpur Hospital following episodes of deliberate self-harm were compared with equal number of controls from the admission for minor medical illness during the same period. They were assessed on socio-demographic profile, Axis I psychiatric diagnosis and personality traits. Results: The mean age for the cases and controls was 26 years. Seventy-eight percent of them were females, mostly unmarried and majority had completed their secondary education. The respondents were Indians (52%), Malays (40%) and Chinese (8%). A high prevalence of major depression (22%) was found among the cases compared to none among the controls. Personality disorders were present in 68% of cases as compared to 38% among the controls, while sensitivity (p<0.0005), impulsivity (p<0.0005), and worthlessness (p<0.0005) were the commonly reported personality traits. Paranoid personality disorder (p<0.05) and borderline personality disorder (p<0.05) were significantly present in deliberate self-harm subjects compared to the control group. Conclusion: Personality traits of sensitivity, impulsivity and worthlessness, and personality disorders of paranoid and borderline were common in DSH patients.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)71-82
    Number of pages12
    JournalMalaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences
    Volume4
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2008

    Fingerprint

    Self-Injurious Behavior
    Personality Disorders
    Personality
    Case-Control Studies
    Paranoid Personality Disorder
    Borderline Personality Disorder
    Impulsive Behavior
    Control Groups
    Mental Disorders
    Demography
    Depression
    Education

    Keywords

    • Deliberate self-harm
    • Malaysian Hospital
    • Personality disorders
    • Personality traits

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Medicine(all)

    Cite this

    A case control study on personality traits and disorders in deliberate self-harm in a Malaysian Hospital. / Hamidin, A.; Maniam, T.

    In: Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences, Vol. 4, No. 2, 06.2008, p. 71-82.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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