A case control study on factors that influence depression among the elderly in Kuala Lumpur Hospital and Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Hospital

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Abstract

Depressive illness is common among the aged population. A case control study was conducted, focusing on risk factors influencing depression among the elderly. This study involved 130 elderly patients diagnosed to have depressive illness from the psychiatric clinics of Kuala Lumpur Hospital (HKL) and Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Hospital (HUKM). Another group of 130 elderly patients with no history of depressive illness were recruited from the medical specialist clinics. The majority of cases were female (75.4%), aged 60-74 years (92.3%) and from Chinese ethnic group (59.2%). Non-Malay elderly has three times risk (AOR 2.537. 95% CI 1.439 - 4.471) of suffering the depressive illness compared to the Malay elderly, the elderly with chronic health problems are more likely to be depressed compared to those who do not suffer from any chronic illness (p trend <0.001). Other risk factors identified were family history of depression with four times risk (AOR 4.225, 95% CI 2.017 - 8.848) and lower social support with eight times risk (AOR 7.949, 95% CI 2.588 - 24.417). Social support is not only important in encouraging the elderly to practice healthy life style but proven to influence the risk of getting depression among them. Hence, it is very crucial that the elderly is given total attention, respect and love from all parties to ensure prosperity and meaningfulness in life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-400
Number of pages6
JournalMedical Journal of Malaysia
Volume63
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2008

Fingerprint

Malaysia
Case-Control Studies
Depression
Social Support
Love
Ethnic Groups
Psychiatry
Chronic Disease
Health
Population

Keywords

  • Case control study
  • Chronic disease
  • Depression
  • Elderly
  • Malaysia
  • Risk factors
  • Social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "A case control study on factors that influence depression among the elderly in Kuala Lumpur Hospital and Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Hospital",
abstract = "Depressive illness is common among the aged population. A case control study was conducted, focusing on risk factors influencing depression among the elderly. This study involved 130 elderly patients diagnosed to have depressive illness from the psychiatric clinics of Kuala Lumpur Hospital (HKL) and Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Hospital (HUKM). Another group of 130 elderly patients with no history of depressive illness were recruited from the medical specialist clinics. The majority of cases were female (75.4{\%}), aged 60-74 years (92.3{\%}) and from Chinese ethnic group (59.2{\%}). Non-Malay elderly has three times risk (AOR 2.537. 95{\%} CI 1.439 - 4.471) of suffering the depressive illness compared to the Malay elderly, the elderly with chronic health problems are more likely to be depressed compared to those who do not suffer from any chronic illness (p trend <0.001). Other risk factors identified were family history of depression with four times risk (AOR 4.225, 95{\%} CI 2.017 - 8.848) and lower social support with eight times risk (AOR 7.949, 95{\%} CI 2.588 - 24.417). Social support is not only important in encouraging the elderly to practice healthy life style but proven to influence the risk of getting depression among them. Hence, it is very crucial that the elderly is given total attention, respect and love from all parties to ensure prosperity and meaningfulness in life.",
keywords = "Case control study, Chronic disease, Depression, Elderly, Malaysia, Risk factors, Social support",
author = "Othman Salimah and {Mohd Amin}, Rahmah and Rosdinom Razali and Shah, {Shamsul Azhar}",
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AU - Razali, Rosdinom

AU - Shah, Shamsul Azhar

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N2 - Depressive illness is common among the aged population. A case control study was conducted, focusing on risk factors influencing depression among the elderly. This study involved 130 elderly patients diagnosed to have depressive illness from the psychiatric clinics of Kuala Lumpur Hospital (HKL) and Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Hospital (HUKM). Another group of 130 elderly patients with no history of depressive illness were recruited from the medical specialist clinics. The majority of cases were female (75.4%), aged 60-74 years (92.3%) and from Chinese ethnic group (59.2%). Non-Malay elderly has three times risk (AOR 2.537. 95% CI 1.439 - 4.471) of suffering the depressive illness compared to the Malay elderly, the elderly with chronic health problems are more likely to be depressed compared to those who do not suffer from any chronic illness (p trend <0.001). Other risk factors identified were family history of depression with four times risk (AOR 4.225, 95% CI 2.017 - 8.848) and lower social support with eight times risk (AOR 7.949, 95% CI 2.588 - 24.417). Social support is not only important in encouraging the elderly to practice healthy life style but proven to influence the risk of getting depression among them. Hence, it is very crucial that the elderly is given total attention, respect and love from all parties to ensure prosperity and meaningfulness in life.

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