A case control study on environmental and host factors predisposing to pulmonary tuberculosis in sabah

Rosnah Sutan, K. Damica

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Tuberculosis is one of the communicable diseases that keep on rising especially in Sabah Malaysia. Host and environmental factors are main preventive scopes to be taken. Methods: A case control study was conducted to examine relationship between pulmonary Tuberculosis and environmental factor and host related factors. Department of Respiratory, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Sabah was chosen and 84 cases and 84 controls were recruited during the entire study period Jan–March 2013. The two groups were comparable for race, gender, average income per month and type of occupation. Majority of respondent from both groups were categorized as below poverty line. Results: Results showed that people with no history of asthma have a higher odds of being infected with Tuberculosis, p<0.001.(adjusted OR: 7.43, and CI: 3.17, 17.42). Overcrowding (≥ 3 peoples in a room) was statistically significant, p<0.001(adjusted OR: 11.94, CI: 1.05, 1.43). Available of few house windows (≤2 units) was significant, p < 0.001(adjusted OR 14.86, CI: 1.06, 1.47). Conclusion: Sabahan peoples who have asthma, normally has frequent hospital follow up and advice on how to avoid contracting with Tuberculosis. Living in long house is one of the Sabahan cultural. In this facility it is easier to spread Tuberculosis infection as many families staying together. Basic amenities usually are insufficient like clean pipe water, toileting system and waste disposal which favor unhygienic practice and spreading of infection. Adequate health education in prevention of disease spread and hygienic living is prime to focus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-252
Number of pages10
JournalAdvances in Environmental Biology
Volume8
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

Fingerprint

tuberculosis
Malaysia
Borneo
case-control studies
Pulmonary Tuberculosis
Causality
Case-Control Studies
Tuberculosis
lungs
asthma
Asthma
environmental factor
disease spread
overcrowding
Poverty
Infection
health education
Health Education
Occupations
environmental factors

Keywords

  • Environmental host factor
  • Pulmonary tuberculosis
  • Sabah

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

A case control study on environmental and host factors predisposing to pulmonary tuberculosis in sabah. / Sutan, Rosnah; Damica, K.

In: Advances in Environmental Biology, Vol. 8, No. 15, 01.01.2014, p. 243-252.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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