A below-the-present late Holocene relative sea level and the glacial isostatic adjustment during the Holocene in the Malay Peninsula

Cheuk Yan Tam, Yongqiang Zong, Kamaludin bin Hassan, Hamlee bin Ismal, Habibah Jamil, Haixian Xiong, Patrick Wu, Yiying Sun, Guangqing Huang, Zhuo Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study has reconstructed the Holocene relative sea-level history in the relatively tectonically stable Malay Peninsula with two specific objectives: quantifying the sea-level indicative meanings of mangrove sediments and producing new high-quality sea-level index points. In this study, a wetland on the east coast of the Peninsula was extensively surveyed; the elevational relationship between habitat zones and their pollen and diatom assemblages was established; and a number of indicative meanings were precisely quantified for this wetland. This quantified relationship is extrapolated to other coastal sites of the Peninsula for re-calibration of previously published mangrove-based sea-level data. The reconstructed sea-level history from the new and re-calibrated data demonstrates a period of rapid sea-level rise at a rate of 15.8 ± 3.9 mm/a between 10,500 cal a BP at −35.0 ± 4.3 m and 9000 cal a BP at −14.2 ± 1.6 m. The rate of rising sea level was gradually reduced to zero from 9000 to 5000 cal a BP, and by the end of this period the relative sea level reached a highstand of c. 3.3 ± 0.2 m. Over the past 5000 years relative sea level fell to its lowest point at −0.6 ± 0.1 m by 800 cal a BP. This far-field sea-level history has been driven by the global ice-volume change and glacial isostatic adjustment, and it matches well with the modelled ice-volume equivalent sea level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)206-222
Number of pages17
JournalQuaternary Science Reviews
Volume201
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018

Fingerprint

sea level
Holocene
present
mangrove
wetland
history
wetlands
ice
Sea Level
Late Holocene
volume change
highstand
Bacillariophyceae
diatom
pollen
habitat
calibration
coast
coasts
sediments

Keywords

  • Diatom and pollen
  • Holocene
  • Mangrove wetlands
  • Micropaleontology
  • Sea-level changes
  • Southeastern Asia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Archaeology
  • Archaeology
  • Geology

Cite this

A below-the-present late Holocene relative sea level and the glacial isostatic adjustment during the Holocene in the Malay Peninsula. / Tam, Cheuk Yan; Zong, Yongqiang; Hassan, Kamaludin bin; Ismal, Hamlee bin; Jamil, Habibah; Xiong, Haixian; Wu, Patrick; Sun, Yiying; Huang, Guangqing; Zheng, Zhuo.

In: Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 201, 01.12.2018, p. 206-222.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tam, Cheuk Yan ; Zong, Yongqiang ; Hassan, Kamaludin bin ; Ismal, Hamlee bin ; Jamil, Habibah ; Xiong, Haixian ; Wu, Patrick ; Sun, Yiying ; Huang, Guangqing ; Zheng, Zhuo. / A below-the-present late Holocene relative sea level and the glacial isostatic adjustment during the Holocene in the Malay Peninsula. In: Quaternary Science Reviews. 2018 ; Vol. 201. pp. 206-222.
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