2-D facial reconstruction (when skull is not available) using mitochondrial DNA (MTDNA) phylogeny tree and image morphing techniques

A preliminary study

Shahrom Abd Wahid, L. S. Lim, Badrul Munir Md. Zain, M. Mansor Clyde, S. Noor Azma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ancestorship of a person can be determined using mitochondrial DNA (maternal lineage) and/or Y chromosome DNA (paternal lineage). A phylogeny tree can be drawn using Neighbour-Joining and/or Maximum Parsimony methods from the mitochondrial DNA and Y chromosome DNA. A known "average face" for each group of ancestor is determined. The mitochondrial DNA of an unknown person is mapped onto the phylogeny tree. The face of the unknown person is reconstructed using "Mendelian Morphing" technique by combining the nearest average faces for each group ancestors on the phylogeny tree. The authors feel this technique can be used for forensic and archeological facial reconstruction/ approximation when the skull of skeletal remains is not available. The approximated face is about 60-70% similar (subjective evaluation) to the expected face.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Medical Toxicology and Legal Medicine
Volume8
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2005

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Phylogeny
Mitochondrial DNA
Skull
Chromosomes
Y Chromosome
DNA
Joining
Mothers

Keywords

  • Ancestorship
  • Facial approximation
  • Facial reconstruction
  • Mendelian morphing
  • Mitochondrial DNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Cite this

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title = "2-D facial reconstruction (when skull is not available) using mitochondrial DNA (MTDNA) phylogeny tree and image morphing techniques: A preliminary study",
abstract = "Ancestorship of a person can be determined using mitochondrial DNA (maternal lineage) and/or Y chromosome DNA (paternal lineage). A phylogeny tree can be drawn using Neighbour-Joining and/or Maximum Parsimony methods from the mitochondrial DNA and Y chromosome DNA. A known {"}average face{"} for each group of ancestor is determined. The mitochondrial DNA of an unknown person is mapped onto the phylogeny tree. The face of the unknown person is reconstructed using {"}Mendelian Morphing{"} technique by combining the nearest average faces for each group ancestors on the phylogeny tree. The authors feel this technique can be used for forensic and archeological facial reconstruction/ approximation when the skull of skeletal remains is not available. The approximated face is about 60-70{\%} similar (subjective evaluation) to the expected face.",
keywords = "Ancestorship, Facial approximation, Facial reconstruction, Mendelian morphing, Mitochondrial DNA",
author = "{Abd Wahid}, Shahrom and Lim, {L. S.} and {Md. Zain}, {Badrul Munir} and {Mansor Clyde}, M. and {Noor Azma}, S.",
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T2 - A preliminary study

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AU - Lim, L. S.

AU - Md. Zain, Badrul Munir

AU - Mansor Clyde, M.

AU - Noor Azma, S.

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